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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Dyschoriste Nees

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Perennial or shrubby herbs or shrubs, with usually conspicuous linear cystoliths (especially on calyx); stems terete to distinctly angular
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, base decurrent into the petiole which has a distinct articulation at or up to 2 mm above base
    Flowers
    Flowers in condensed axillary cluster-like cymes which sometimes merges into spiciform terminal panicles, more rarely solitary or in lax axillary cymes, shortly pedicellate; bracts various, outer foliaceous; bracteoles 2, filiform to linearlanceolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, the lobes subequal, linear to narrowly triangular, acuminate to cuspidate, with strong often rib-like central vein
    Corolla
    Corolla contorted in bud; tube with linear basal part, widened into a ± distinst inflated upper part (throat); limb from ± subequally 5-lobed to distinctly 2-lipped with 2-lobed upper and 3-lobed lower lip; lower lip with or without differently coloured pleated base, without (very rarely with) long stiff retrorse hairs; lobes oblong or obovate, rounded to truncate or irregularly toothed
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, slightly didynamous, all fertile or two sterile or reduced to staminodes, held in throat; filaments linear, fused with tube at base and free part of each short and long stamen fused at base, part fused with tube hairy; anthers 2-thecous, ellipsoid, usually glabrous, with spurs at base (rarely without).
    Ovary
    Ovary with 2 ovules per locule; style filiform, hairy throughout, upper stigma-lobe usually minute, lower 1–2 mm long, linear-oblong, flattened, glandular.
    Fruits
    Capsule 4-seeded (or 2–3-seeded by abortion), glabrous or sparsely glandular at apex, oblong to slightly clavate, cylindric, valves sulcate dorsally, often persisting after release of seeds; retinaculae strong, curved
    Seeds
    Seeds discoid, ovoid-oblong in outline, with dense hygroscopic hairs.
    Distribution
    Range: About 75 species, widespread in all tropical regions and subtropical in N America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Leeward Is., Mauritius

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dyschoriste Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mexico K000064191
    Verdcourt, B. [764A], Uganda 2823.000
    Verdcourt, B. [764], Uganda 2824.000
    Greenway, P.J. [7965], Zambia 3643.000
    Harley, R.M. [23028], Brazil K001048024
    Hinton, G.B. [16194], Mexico K000064193
    Hinton, G.B. [16140], Mexico K000064194
    Hornby, R.M. [110a], Tanzania 13074.000
    Faulkner, H. [1330], Tanzania 4228.000
    Rico, L. [841], Mexico K000064190
    Villarouco, F.M.O. [136], Brazil K001048021
    Becker, J. [535], Brazil K001048025
    Langlassé, E. [657], Mexico K000064192
    Arns, K.N.Y. [86], Brazil K001048020
    Melo, M.R.C.S. [212], Brazil K001048022
    Félix, L.P. [2010], Brazil K001048019
    Félix, L.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001048023
    Torrey [92], Mexico Calophanes K000064136

    Bibliography

    First published in N.Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 75 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 5: 71.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • F.T.A. 5: 71 (1899)
    • E. & P. Pf. IV, 3b: 302 (1895)
    • DC., Prodr. 11: 106 (1847)
    • Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3: 75, 81 (1832)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0