1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Andrachne L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. Mexico, Caribbean, Peru, Medit. to Cape Verde and Himalaya.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious prostrate, decumbent or erect, unarmed or spinous perennial herbs or erect shrubs with or without a simple or glandular indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved, usually small
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, pedicellate, the males mostly fasciculate, the females solitary Male flowers: sepals 5(–6), free or ± so, imbricate; petals 5(–6), usually shorter than the sepals; disc-glands 5(–6), free, opposite the petals, often bilobed; stamens 5(–6), opposite the sepals, filaments free or connate to halfway, anthers erect, the thecae parallel, distinct, introrse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode usually small, rarely more strongly developed, usually  trilobate or tripartite Female flowers: sepals usually larger than those of the ♂; petals small, minute or 0; disc-glands free and opposite the petals, or united; ovary 3-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3, short, narrow, bifid or bipartite, stigmas capitate
    Male
    Male flowers: sepals 5(–6), free or ± so, imbricate; petals 5(–6), usually shorter than the sepals; disc-glands 5(–6), free, opposite the petals, often bilobed; stamens 5(–6), opposite the sepals, filaments free or connate to halfway, anthers erect, the thecae parallel, distinct, introrse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode usually small, rarely more strongly developed, usually  trilobate or tripartite
    Female
    Female flowers: sepals usually larger than those of the ♂; petals small, minute or 0; disc-glands free and opposite the petals, or united; ovary 3-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 3, short, narrow, bifid or bipartite, stigmas capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit globose or subglobose, dehiscing into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly woody
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 per locule, segmentiform, triquetrous, pustulate or smooth, ecarunculate; albumen fleshy; embryo curved, radicle long, cotyledons broad and flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious perennial herbs or subshrubs.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum simple, glandular, or absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved, often small.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, pedicellate, males often fasciculate, females solitary. Male flowers: sepals 5(6), free or almost so, imbricate; petals 5(6), shorter than or equalling the sepals; disk glands 5(6) or 10(12), free, opposite the petals, often 2-lobed, or disk cupular, dentate; stamens 5(6), opposite the sepals, filaments free or connate to halfway, anthers erect and introrse, thecae parallel, distinct, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode trifid, the arms capitate. Female flowers: sepals larger than in the male; petals smaller, minute or 0; disk glands as in the male; ovary 3-locular, ovules 2 per locule, hemitropous; styles 3, short, bifid or bipartite, stigmas capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit globose or subglobose, 3-lobed, dehiscing into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp thinly woody; columella small, persistent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 per locule, segmentiform, triquetrous or trigonous, smooth, sculptured or ornamented, ecarunculate; albumen fleshy; embryo curved, radicle long, cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Greece, Gulf States, Haiti, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Mexico Northwest, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    France

    Andrachne L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 2007 Riedel [s.n.], Indonesia K000186408
    Aug 1, 2007 Merrill, E.D. [3023], Philippines K000186412
    Aug 1, 2007 Forbes, H.O. [3325], Maluku K000186409
    Thulin, M. [6055], Somalia K000186174
    Smitinand, T. [1224], Thailand K000186397
    Haussknecht, C. [6/70], Syria K000185348
    Stapf, O [425], Iran K000185363
    Rawi [28684], Iraq K000185439
    Alizzi [35256], Iraq K000185535
    Forrest, George [23464], China K000186262
    Henry, Aug. [6221], China K000186251
    Henry, Aug. [5243], China K000186252
    Wilson, E. H. [419], China K000186253
    Polunin, N. [73], Iraq K000185579
    Mayort [20158a], India K000186301
    Shlechter, R. [2362], South Africa K000186196

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1014 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Pax & K. Hoffmann in Engler, Pflanzenr. [IV, fam. 147, xv] 81: 169 (1922).
    • Müller Argoviensis in De Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 232 (1866).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 444 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 1014 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in E.P. IV. 147(15): 169 (1922)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 632 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 270 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 232 (1866)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 444 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 1014 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0