1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Hevea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious laticiferous trees
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, stipulate, long-petiolate, trifoliolate; petiole with a gland at the apex; leaflets petiolulate, entire, penninerved, membranous, chartaceous or coriaceous
    Stipules
    Stipules small, fugacious
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, subtended by leaves or bracts, paniculate, androgynous, the central flower of each cyme-unit ♀, the rest ♂, protogynous; bracts small, entire
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx globose or ovoid in bud, 5-lobed, the lobes valvate; petals 0; disc of 5 free or united glands; stamens 5–10, the filaments united to form a column, anthers sessile, regularly or irregularly disposed around the column in 1–2 series, those of the lower series alternating with the calyx-lobes; pistillode at apex of staminal column, entire Female flowers: calyx as in the ♂; petals 0; disc minute or 0; ovary ovoid, 3(–4)-locular, with one ovule per locule; styles 3(–4), short, stigmas thick, spreading, entire or slightly bilobed
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx globose or ovoid in bud, 5-lobed, the lobes valvate; petals 0; disc of 5 free or united glands; stamens 5–10, the filaments united to form a column, anthers sessile, regularly or irregularly disposed around the column in 1–2 series, those of the lower series alternating with the calyx-lobes; pistillode at apex of staminal column, entire
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx as in the ♂; petals 0; disc minute or 0; ovary ovoid, 3(–4)-locular, with one ovule per locule; styles 3(–4), short, stigmas thick, spreading, entire or slightly bilobed
    Fruits
    Fruits large, bluntly or sharply trigonous, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp woody
    Seeds
    Seeds large, smooth, oblong-ovoid, blotched, estrophiolate; testa crustaceous; albumen reduced or lacking; cotyledons thick, fleshy, ± equal in size.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious laticiferous trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, stipulate, long-petiolate, trifoliolate; petiole with an apical gland; leaflets petiolulate, entire, penninerved; stipules small, fugacious.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, subtended by leaves or bracts, paniculate, androgynous, the central flower of each cymule female, the rest male, protogynous; bracts small, entire.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx ovoid or globose in bud, 5-lobed, the lobes valvate; petals absent; disk glands 5, free or united; stamens 5–10, the filaments united into a column, anthers sessile in 1–2 series, those of the outer series alternisepalous; pistillode at the apex of the staminal column, entire. Female flowers: calyx as in the male; petals absent; disk minute or absent; ovary ovoid, 3(4)-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles short, stigmas thick, spreading, entire or slightly 2-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruits large, trigonous, septicidally dehiscent into 3 bivalved cocci; endocarp woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds large, oblong-ovoid, smooth, blotched, ecarunculate; testa crustaceous; endosperm scanty or absent; cotyledons thick, fleshy, ± equal in size.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Cambodia, Central African Repu, China Southeast, Costa Rica, Fiji, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Malaya, Mexico Southwest, Nicobar Is., Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Zaïre

    Hevea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schultes, R.E. [10261], Brazil K001205614
    Schultes, R.E. [10260], Brazil K001205618
    Schultes, R.E. [8098], Brazil K001205627
    Ducke, A. [21973], Brazil K001205613
    Ducke, A. [21971], Brazil K001205615
    Ducke, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001205616
    Ducke, A. [21972], Brazil K001205617
    Ducke, A. [21970], Brazil K001205619
    Ducke, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001205620
    Ducke, A. [134], Brazil K001205623
    Ducke, A. [134], Brazil K001205624
    Ducke, A. [IAN/131], Brazil K001205625
    Ducke, A. [132], Brazil K001205626
    Ducke, A. [824], Brazil K001205628
    Krukoff, B.A. [508], Brazil K001205839
    Fróes, R.L. [20742], Brazil K001205838
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [7992], Brazil K001205864
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8179], Brazil K001205865
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8182], Brazil K001205866
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8264], Brazil K001205867

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 871 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19C: 102 (1931).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 743
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Pax in Engler, Pflanzenr. [IV, fam. 147, i] 42: 117 (1910).
    • Müller Argoviensis in De Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 716 (1866).
    • Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 871, t. 335 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 743 (1912)
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(1): 117 (1910)
    • G.P. 3(1): 290 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 716 (1866)
    • Hist. Pl. Guiane Fr. 2: 871, t. 335 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0