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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Tropical Mountains.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or rarely shrublets
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, palmately lobed or dissected
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2–3 together or solitary, regular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals usually awn-tipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals mostly notched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, usually all fertile; filaments free or basally united
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles adhering to the beak; stigmas 5, filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps with beak rolling upwards into a flat spiral at maturity, remaining attached at the apex.
Distribution
Some 360 species, mainly in temperate regions.
Note
The Somali species belong to section Trilopha Yeo (Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 89: 13–14, 1984).

[FTEA]

Geraniaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University College Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, sometimes tufted, occasionally woody at the base
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate, palmatelylobed or dissected, rarely toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple axillary umbel of 2–3 flowers or the flowers solitary, the peduncle occasionally very short or lacking
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate, usually awn-tipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, mostly notched, hypogynous, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, usually all fertile, very rarely 5 without anthers; filaments free or shortly connate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Extrastaminal glands 5 and alternating with the petals, generally located at the base of the stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-lobed and 5-locular, usually long beaked, each locule containing 2 superposed ovules, 1 ovule aborting; style glabrous inside, adhering to the beak, recoiled at maturity but not twisting; stigmas 5, filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a schizocarp containing 4–5 mericarps, dehiscing by the splitting of the rostrum, the segments of which roll upwards, remaining attached at the apex, thus releasing the 1-seeded mericarp from the base of the calyx; in many species the mericarps open at the same time and the seeds are shot out
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with thin endosperm or exalbuminous; embryo with leafy cotyledon, curved or folded.

[FZ]

Geraniaceae, T. Müller. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 5-lobed, 5-locular; loculi 2-ovulate, with 1 ovule aborting.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by the splitting of the rostrum, the segments of which roll upwards (remaining attached at the apex) releasing the cocci from the base of the calyx.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with little or no endosperm.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, stipulate, palmately lobed or dissected.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, solitary or in pairs, axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk-glands present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10 (rarely 5), usually all antheriferous; filaments slightly connate at the base or sometimes free.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Bahamas, Bermuda, Cape Verde, Dominican Republic, Falkland Is., Haiti, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Labrador, Malaya, Norfolk Is., Paraguay, Prince Edward I., Réunion

Geranium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2004 Ahlberg, F. [s.n.], Sweden K000380401
Pennington, T.D. [5386], Ecuador 25586.000
Rico, L. [1299], Bolivia K000295046
Rico, L. [1916], Morocco K000564899
Rico, L. [1926], Morocco K000564890
Rico, L. [1939], Morocco K000564879
Rico, L. [1741], Armenia K000297315
Rico, L. [1744], Armenia K000297259
Rico, L. [1752], Armenia K000297266
Rico, L. [1729], Armenia K000297320
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8561], India K001125860
Rico, L. [1774], Armenia K000297089
Rico, L. [1933], Morocco K000564883
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 8562], India K001125862
Rico, L. [1753], Armenia K000297294
Rico, L. [1757], Armenia K000297289
Rico, L. [1683], Armenia K000297327
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8562], India K001125861
Rico, L. [1736], Armenia K000297313
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8561], India K001125859
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 8564], India K001125864
Rico, L. [1751], Armenia K000297265
Rico, L. [1661], Armenia K000297349

First published in Sp. Pl.: 676 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 290.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 306 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 676 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 306 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 676 (1753)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0