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This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Tanzania, W. Asia to India, Arabian Pen, W. Indian Ocean.

[FTEA]

Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

Habit
Spreading or scrambling shrub, 0.5–4 m. high.
Stem
Young twigs densely appressed-white-pubescent, glabrescent.
Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade broadlyelliptic, ovate or orbicular, 2–5.5 cm. long, l.8–5(–6) cm. wide, acute, rounded or slightly emarginate, with the midrib ending in a small recurved spine, broadly cuneate, rounded or cordate at the base, chartaceous, glabrous; petiole 9–25 mm. long.
Flowers
Flowers solitary in the upper leaf-axils; pedicels stout, 3.5–12 cm. long.
Calyx
Sepals unequal; 3 oblong-obovate, shallowly boat-shaped, about 1.5–2 cm. long; the other sepal up to 4 cm. long, strongly hooded at the apex.
Corolla
Petals unequal; anterior pair oblong-obovate, up to about 1.5 cm. long; posterior pair apparently fused, about 3.5 cm. long, 2.5 cm. wide, hooded and enclosed in the hooded sepal, the base clawed and with 2 elongate calluses; all petals white, glabrous or thinly pubescent.
Stamens
Stamens many, about 3 cm. long.
Gynophore
Gynophore 3–4 cm. long in flower, up to 6 cm. and stout in fruit.
Fruits
Fruits ovoid or ellipsoid, up to 5 cm. long, 3 cm. in diameter, ribbed, red.
Figures
Fig. 10/3–6.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland, often on exposed rock or coral outcrops; 0–1800 m.
Distribution
Socotra, to the Middle East and Pakistan K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T8 Z

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Scrambling shrub up to 3 m tall; young twigs densely covered with short, appressed hairs
Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate-elliptic, 2.5–5(–6) x 1.4–4.5 cm, thick or leathery, pubescent on both surfaces when young, apically rounded, obtuse or acute, with short recurved mucro, basally rounded, subcordate or cuneate; petiole 0.4–2.6 cm long
Inflorescences
Flowers axillary; pedicels stout, 2.3–11 cm long, thickened in fruit
Calyx
Calyx zygomorphic, with posterior sepal up to 3.5–4 cm long, saccate, the others 1.4–2 cm long, concave, externally puberulous or glabrous, marginally tomentose
Corolla
Petals whitish, glabrous or puberulous, the upper pair connate, obdeltoid, up to 3.5 cm long, apically included in the posterior sepal, the lower pair free, obovate, 1.2–1.8 cm long
Stamens
Stamens many, up to 3 cm long
Gynophore
Gynophore 3.5–6 cm long, thickened in the fruit; ovary elliptic-obovate, c. 5 mm long, with flattened, subsessile stigma
Fruits
Fruit globose-ellipsoid, reddish, 3–6 x 1.6–4 cm, ribbed.
Distribution
N1–3; C1; S2, 3 Arabia eastwards to India.
Ecology
Altitude up to 1500 m.
Vernacular
Goah, goah-kulul, goh, gombor (Somali).

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[FSOM]
Use
The fruit is reported as edible and the dried leaves are chewed against cough.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Aldabra, Bangladesh, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen

Capparis cartilaginea Decne. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1991 Schweinfurth, G. [1265], Yemen K000076939
Jan 1, 1957 Bové, N. [148], Egypt K000076943
Jan 1, 1957 Bové, N. [148], Egypt K000076940
Jan 1, 1957 Lord, J. K. [s.n.], Egypt K000076942
Jan 1, 1957 Lord, J. K. [s.n.], Egypt K000076941
Hunter, P.J. [11348], Tanzania 25872.000
Renvoize, S.A. [884], Seychelles 7314.001
Drummond, R.B. [1011], Kenya Capparis galeata 16576.000
Springfield, E.O., Sudan Capparis galeata 16175.000
Burger, W. [3227], Ethiopia Capparis galeata K001044819 neotype
Jan 1, 1957 Thomson, T. [s.n.], Yemen Capparis uncinata K001044820 neotype

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 3: 273 (1835)

Accepted by

  • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.456.1.1/40951 epublication.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1980). Flora of Iraq 4(1): 1-628. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Hedge, I. & Lamond, J. (1970). Flora Iranica 68: 1-32. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hedge, I. & Lamond, J. (1970). Flora Iranica 68: 1-32. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 118 (1961).
  • B. L. Burtt & Lewis in Kew Bulletin 4: 299 (1949).
  • Decne. in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 2, 3: 273 (1835).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/