1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Capparis Tourn. ex L.
      1. Capparis cartilaginea Decne.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Tanzania, W. Asia to India, Arabian Pen, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Spreading or scrambling shrub, 0.5–4 m. high.
    Stem
    Young twigs densely appressed-white-pubescent, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade broadlyelliptic, ovate or orbicular, 2–5.5 cm. long, l.8–5(–6) cm. wide, acute, rounded or slightly emarginate, with the midrib ending in a small recurved spine, broadly cuneate, rounded or cordate at the base, chartaceous, glabrous; petiole 9–25 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the upper leaf-axils; pedicels stout, 3.5–12 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals unequal; 3 oblong-obovate, shallowly boat-shaped, about 1.5–2 cm. long; the other sepal up to 4 cm. long, strongly hooded at the apex.
    Corolla
    Petals unequal; anterior pair oblong-obovate, up to about 1.5 cm. long; posterior pair apparently fused, about 3.5 cm. long, 2.5 cm. wide, hooded and enclosed in the hooded sepal, the base clawed and with 2 elongate calluses; all petals white, glabrous or thinly pubescent.
    Stamens
    Stamens many, about 3 cm. long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore 3–4 cm. long in flower, up to 6 cm. and stout in fruit.
    Fruits
    Fruits ovoid or ellipsoid, up to 5 cm. long, 3 cm. in diameter, ribbed, red.
    Figures
    Fig. 10/3–6.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, often on exposed rock or coral outcrops; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T8 Z Socotra, to the Middle East and Pakistan

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Aldabra, Bangladesh, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Libya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen

    Capparis cartilaginea Decne. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1991 Schweinfurth, G. [1265], Yemen K000076939
    Jan 1, 1957 Bové, N. [148], Egypt K000076943
    Jan 1, 1957 Bové, N. [148], Egypt K000076940
    Jan 1, 1957 Lord, J. K. [s.n.], Egypt K000076942
    Jan 1, 1957 Lord, J. K. [s.n.], Egypt K000076941
    Hunter, P.J. [11348], Tanzania 25872.000
    Renvoize, S.A. [884], Seychelles 7314.001
    Drummond, R.B. [1011], Kenya Capparis galeata 16576.000
    Springfield, E.O., Sudan Capparis galeata 16175.000
    Burger, W. [3227], Ethiopia Capparis galeata K001044819 neotype
    Jan 1, 1957 Thomson, T. [s.n.], Yemen Capparis uncinata K001044820 neotype

    First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 3: 273 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedge, I. & Lamond, J. (1970). Flora Iranica 68: 1-32. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedge, I. & Lamond, J. (1970). Flora Iranica 68: 1-32. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 118 (1961).
    • B. L. Burtt & Lewis in Kew Bulletin 4: 299 (1949).
    • Decne. in Ann. Sci. Nat., sér. 2, 3: 273 (1835).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0