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  1. Family: Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Olea L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to SW. Pacific.


    Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Trees or shrubs, with simple, opposite, and generally entire leaves
    Flowers small in axillary or terminal panicles, hermaphrodite, polygamous, or dioecious
    Calyx truncate to 4-lobed
    Corolla with a short tube, campanulate; with 4 induplicate-valvate, valvate, or slightly imbricate segments
    Stamens 2, inserted by short filaments on the corolla tube
    Ovary bilocular, usually 2 pendulous ovules in each loculus; style short, stigma more or less capitate
    Fruit a drupe with a hard bony endocarp
    Seeds typically solitary, endospermous.

    Oleaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Trees and shrubs, often with very hard wood.
    Leaves opposite and decussate, simple, often lepidote; acarodomatia absent.
    Flowers small, borne in paniculate cymes, 4–merous.
    Calyx lobes shallow.
    Corolla valvate, with very short tube and ovate petals, these not cucullate.
    Stamens 2, inserted on corolla tube; anthers introrse.
    Ovary subglobose, bilocular with 2 pendent ovules per loculus; style short, stigma capitate (obscurely biloped).
    Fruit a drupe with hard thick endocarp, usually 1–seeded.
    Seed containing endosperm.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Bermuda, Corse, Egypt, France, Iraq, Korea, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mexico Southwest, St.Helena, Taiwan

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Olea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hughes, J.F. [161], Tanzania 14608.000
    Hughes, J.F. [162], Tanzania 14609.000
    Hughes, J.F. [183], Tanzania 14610.000
    Hughes, J.F. [169], Tanzania 14611.000
    Hughes, J.F. [185], Tanzania 14612.000
    Hughes, J.F. [165], Tanzania 14613.000
    Hughes, J.F. [170], Tanzania 14614.000
    Hughes, J.F. [163], Tanzania 17433.000
    Newbury, P.E. [s.n.], Egypt K000251161
    Finlayson, G. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132387
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], West Bengal K001132386


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 8 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 17.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Sp.Pl. 1: 8(1753).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 8 (1754)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.