1. Family: Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Chionanthus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A. to Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Japan and SW. Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Oleaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees and shrubs, evergreen (in F.Z. area) or rarely deciduous.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, opposite, entire, not lepidote; acarodomatia usually present.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary paniculate cymes or fascicles, 4–merous.
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla valvate, with very short tube and linear lobes, these strongly concave, with incurved margins and cucullate apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted on corolla tube; anthers introrse.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, bilocular, with 2 ventral or pendent ovules per loculus; style short, stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1–seeded drupe.
    Seeds
    Seed lacking endosperm.
    [FTEA]

    Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Trees or bushes (rarely climbing), with simple, opposite, entire leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers small, generally in axillary panicles, hermaphrodite
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply 4-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla with a very short tube or scarcely any tube; segments induplicate-valvate, usually almost free to the base
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted by very short filaments to the base of the corolla segments
    Pistil
    Ovary bilocular, usually 2 pendulous ovules in each loculus; style generally very short or almost absent; stigma more or less capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe with a hard bony endocarp
    Seeds
    Seeds typically solitary, with or without endosperm.
    [FTEA]

    Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Flowers hermaphrodite, in dense cymose fascicles, nearly sessile
    Bracts
    Bracts 2 at the base of the calyx, opposite
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free, in unequal pairs, on the out-side densely tomentose, glabrous on the inside
    Corolla
    Corolla with a very short tube, linear-lanceolate segments, glabrous, rather fleshy-coriaceous, slightly involute at the margins
    Stamens
    Stamens 2 (rarely 3) with very short filaments; anthers extrorse, basifixed, not exserted from the corolla tube
    Style
    Style very short, with a subsessile subcapitate shortly 2-lobed stigma
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular, locules biovulate
    Fruits
    Fruit of drupe-like structure but probably more or less dry when fully ripe.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Vanuatu

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Cayman Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kentucky, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Malaya, Maluku, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Jersey, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Solomon Is., South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Illinois

    Chionanthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Coode [6022], Indonesia 55470.000
    Abeid, . S.Y. [1799], Tanzania K000469032

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 8 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Journ. Linn, Soc., Bot. 80: 191–206 (1980).
    • Steam in Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 63: 355–357 (1977)
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 8 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0