1. Family: Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link
    1. Jasminum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Central China and Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Oleaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Shrubs, often with climbing habit.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, verticillate or alternate, simple or compound, glabrous or hairy; acarodomatia sometimes present in axils of lateral nerves on lower leaf surface.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences few– to many–flowered, cymose, or flowers solitary; flowers sweetly scented.
    Calyx
    Calyx with cup–shaped tube and (4) 5–15 teeth.
    Corolla
    Corolla white and often pink on reverse, or yellow, hypocrateriform, glabrous; lobes imbricate, (4)5–13.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted in or at mouth of corolla tube; filaments short, anthers introrse.
    Pistil
    Ovary bilocular; style slender, either exceeding corolla tube or half as long (flowers heterostylous); stigma bilobed but lobes remaining together.
    Fruits
    Fruit a deeply bilobed 2–seeded berry, often one lobe aborting.
    Seeds
    Seeds without endosperm.
    [FTEA]

    Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Shrubs, generally climbing or scrambling
    Leaves
    Leaves simple or compound, opposite, whorled, or spirally arranged
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in generally few-flowered simple or compound cymes
    Calyx
    Calyx with a more or less campanulate tube and variously developed lobes
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform, with a usually slender essentially narrow-cylindrical tube surmounted by 4–10 imbricate lobes; often sweet-scented and white, yellow, or flushed pink
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, inserted high up in the corolla tube on short filaments
    Pistil
    Ovary bilocular; style slender; stigma capitate, clavate, or bilobed; ovules generally 2 in each loculus
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, deeply bilobed (didymous) or simple by aborption of one lobe
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary in a lobe, erect; endosperm absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uganda, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cayman Is., Christmas I., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Italy, Jamaica, Korea, Leeward Is., Maldives, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Réunion, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yugoslavia

    Jasminum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1974 Yallah [55], Liberia K000040216
    Jan 1, 1961 Baldwin, J.T. [11020], Liberia K000040215
    Harley, W.J. [1168], Liberia K000040217
    Thomas, D.W. [7145], Cameroon K000028222
    Finlayson, G. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132385

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 7 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Green, P. & Miller, D. (2009). The genus Jasminum in cultivation: 1-150. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Gilg & Schellenberg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 51: 77 (1913).
    • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 1
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 7 (1753).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 7 (1754)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0