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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Macaronesia to Himalaya and Russian Far East, W. Central U.S.A. to Mexico, Ecuador to S. South.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Slender shrubs with green twigs, usually dioecious, with opposite or whorled leaves, usually reduced to short sheaths
Mature female cone globose, with 1–3 seeds surrounded by 2 pairs of red or yellow fleshy bracts. Cones compound, with the cone axis bearing pairs of bracts subtending microsporangiate or ovulate shoots
Genus of some 70 species of the northern hemisphere and South America.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Austria, Baleares, Bolivia, Brazil South, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Colorado, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Nevada, New Mexico, North Caucasus, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Ephedra Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 26, 1991 Nigel, Maxted [8233], Uzbekistan K000459328
Jul 1, 1895 Mulford, A.I. [187], USA K000459461
Peru 46269.000
Alston, A.H.G. [372], Greece K000456018
Wrigley, T.C. [1311], Yugoslavia K000456014
Furse, P. [5881], Afghanistan K000459321
Rico, L. [1556], Bolivia K000295295
Rico, L. [1660], Bolivia K000295494
Rico, L. [1631], Bolivia K000295246
Nicholson, G. [4046], France K000456015
Gamble, J.S. [28218], Gibraltar K000455983
s.coll. [892] K000454958
s.coll. [s.n.], Greece K000456005
Todd, H.G. [1004], Greece K000455899
Todd, H.G. [1004], Greece K000455900
Todd, H.G. [1004], Turkey K000455901
Munro, William [144], Ukraine K000455954
Houska, J. [s.n.] K000456007
Cuezzo, A. [1954], Argentina K000459620

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1040 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Christenhusz, M.J.M., Fay, M.F. & Chase, M.W. (2017). Plants of the World. An illustrated encyclopedia of vascular plants: 1-792. Kew Publishing, The university of Chicago Press.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


Flora of Somalia

  • Freitag & Maier-Stolte in Kew Bull. 58: 415–426 (2003).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Freitag & Maier-Stolte in Taxon 38: 545–556 (1989)
  • Cuf. Enum.: 2 (1953)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.