1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Nepeta L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia to E. Tropical Africa.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Subshrubs or annual or perennial herbs, aromatic, sometimes gynodioecious
    Leaves
    Leaves simple
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences thyrsoid, cymes lax to congested, pedunculate or sessile, axillary, distant, or crowded into spike-like or ovoid heads
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like or reduced, sometimes longer than calyx
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular to campanulate, actinomorphic to strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), or rarely with lips entire, lobes subequal to unequal, throat straight to strongly oblique
    Corolla
    Corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), blue, violet, pink, yellow or white, posterior lip straight or curved, anterior lip with median lobe concave or ± flat, undulate or entire, tube included in or exserted from calyx, straight or curved, gradually or ± abrupt
    Stamens
    Stamens of hermaphrodite flowers 4, rarely 2 with anterior pair absent, usually shorter than corolla, filaments parallel, thecae divergent at 180° (stamens of male-sterile flowers rudimentary)
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes subequal
    Disc
    Disc 4-lobed
    Fruits
    Nutlets ellipsoid to obovoid, rounded to acuminate, smooth to tuberculate, glabrous or hairy at apex, mucilaginous or not.
    Note
    2n = 14, 16, 18, 30, 32, 34, 36, 54.  Over 200 species. For a synopsis of infrageneric classification, see Budantsev (1993).
    Ecology
    Mainly in mountains, semi-deserts and steppes
    Distribution
    Eurasia, extending into North Africa. Introduced to New Zealand, Northern America and Southern South America. Doubtfully present in Russian Far East
    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Nepeta, RM Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Herbs, aromatic
    Stem
    Stems quadrangular, with simple hairs, glandular or not
    Leaves
    Leaves undivided, crenate, lower ones ± petiolate, upper ones often sessile
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences thyrsoid, the cymes lax or congested, sessile or pedunculate, often crowded into heads or spikes; bracts leaf-like to reduced; bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular to campanulate, straight or curved, slightly to strongly 2-lipped, the mouth straight or oblique, the tube strongly 15-veined; posterior lip with 3 teeth, lower with 2
    Corolla
    Corolla white to yellow or blue, 2-lipped; posterior lip short, ± straight, shortly 2-lobed; anterior lip with a concave or flat, bearded, often crenate middle lobe and two small lateral lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, sometimes rudimentary in male sterile flowers, ascending under posterior lip of corolla; posterior pair longer than the anterior pair; anthers with thecae divergent at 180°
    Disc
    Disk 4-lobed
    Ovary
    Ovary deeply 4-lobed, style gynobasic, exserted, shortly 2-lobed
    Fruits
    Nutlets ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth or tuberculate, with a conspicuous abscission scar, mucilaginous or not when wetted.
    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, aromatic
    Leaves
    Leaves entire to bipinnate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid, cymes sessile, terminal, crowded into spike-like, usually unbranched heads
    Bracts
    Bracts, except sometimes the lowest, reduced, sometimes broadly ovate, coloured, or subulate, inconspicuous
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx straight or weakly oblique, actinomorphic or 2-lipped, 5-lobed, lobes ovate-oblong to lanceolate, acute or attenuate into spinulose awns, sinuses between anterior teeth with swollen folds at base
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), white or blue-violet, posterior lip straight, anterior lip with median lobe flat or scarcely concave, entire to crenate, tube included or scarcely exserted from calyx, gradually widening above
    Stamens
    Stamens with anterior pair antrorsely bent, posterior pair arcuate-ascending under upper lip, thecae divergent at 90° or at an acute angle
    Stigma
    Stigma-lobes subequal
    Disc
    Disc 4-lobed
    Fruits
    Nutlets oblong to elliptic, smooth, mucilaginous or not.
    Note
    2n = 12.  Three species.
    Ecology
    Steppes
    Distribution
    Southern Siberia, Mongolia and China.
    [LKGF]
    Use
    Some cultivated for medicinal use or ornament.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, Belgium, British Columbia, California, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Nepeta L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 570 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Hassan, T., Dar, G.H.& Khuroo,A.A. (2011). Taxonomic status of the genus Nepeta L. (Lamiaceae) in Kashmir Himalaya, India Iranian Journal of Botany 17: 181-188.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 250 (2004)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 249 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 570 (1753)
    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Budantsev, Bot. Zhurn. 78,1: 91-105 (1993), rev.
    • Kudrjaschevia Pojark (1953).
    • Pitardia Batt. ex Pit., Contr. Fl. Maroc: 31 (1918).
    • Afridia Duthie, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 696 (1898).
    • Schizonepeta (Benth.) Briq. in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3a): 235 (1896).
    • Oxynepeta Bunge, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 21(1): 58 (1878).
    • Saussuria Moench, Methodus: 388 (1794).
    • Saccilabium Rottb., Acta Lit. Univ. Hafn. 1: 294 (1778).
    • Cataria Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 192 (1763).
    • Nepeta L., Sp. Pl. 2: 570 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0