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  1. Family: Polypodiaceae J.Presl & C.Presl
    1. Tectaria Cav.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical.


    Dryopteridaceae, JP Roux, M Shaffer-Fehre, B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Medium to large terrestrial ferns.
    Rhizomes woody, erect to suberect, with firm linear to lanceolate scales
    Blade lanceolate to deltoidpentagonal, simple to 1-pinnate or 2–4 pinnatifid, basal pair of pinnae often developed basiscopically; divisions usually broad with entire or sparingly incised margins, ultimate segments crenate but not aristate. Fronds spaced or tufted, dimorphic; fertile fronds of some species taller than sterile, lamina of blade contracted.
    Leaf veins
    Veins anastomosing, areoles with or without free included veinlets
    Sori mostly round, arranged in open rows, median, or scattered; indusium peltate, reniform or sometimes apparently lacking; sporangia with an annulus of ± 14 cells
    Spores monolete, oval, perispore echinate or tuberculate; indusium peltate, reniform or absent
    A finding during the present work was that measuring the lengths of sporangial stalks and number/lengths of trichomes/paraphyses below the capsule affords such a good taxonomic character for separating the taxa, that even their absence from T. angelicifolia is diagnostic. The general process of phylogenetic differentiation has been a simplification of the frond and a correlated anastomosis of the veins (Copeland, Philipp. J. Sci. 2C.: 410 (1907)). Over 200 species tropical in distribution adapted to moist and windless habitats.



    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Tectaria Cav. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 10, 2013 Rantai, J. [90871], Malaysia K000804738
    Feb 1, 2013 Coode, M. [6225], Indonesia K000932396
    Feb 1, 2013 Coode, M. [5856], Indonesia K000932394
    Dec 10, 2007 Johns, R.J. [6826], Brunei K000506806
    Jun 1, 2007 Larsen, K. [44249], Thailand K001083100
    Nov 1, 2004 Johns, R.J. [7112], Brunei K000360199
    Nov 1, 2004 Johns, R.J. [7112], Brunei K000360198
    Nov 1, 2004 Johns, R.J. [7112], Brunei K000360200
    Larsen, K. [10547], Thailand K001083099
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945882
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945883
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945884
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945885
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945886
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945887
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945888
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945889
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945890
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945891
    Edwards, P.J. [2335], Brazil K000945892
    Johns, R.J. [6705], Brunei K000360192
    Cuming, H. [s.n.] K000360870
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65628], Papua New Guinea K000237317
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65628], Papua New Guinea K000237318
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65571], Papua New Guinea K000237319
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65571], Papua New Guinea K000237320
    Croft, J.R. [LAE65524], Papua New Guinea K000360193
    Anonymous [s.n.], Indonesia K000360190
    Millett, C. [s.n.], Indonesia K000360191
    Willinck, J.A. [s.n.] K000360189
    Imin, K. [71726], Malaysia K000853957
    s.coll. [OXK159], Indonesia K000856493


    First published in Anales Hist. Nat. 1: 115 (1799)

    Accepted by

    • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & Kandel, D.R. (2019). Ferns and Fern-Allies of Nepal 2: 1-446. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Department of Plant Resources.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora Malesiana ser. 2, 2(1): 39–100 (1991)
    • K.B. 38: 108, t. 1 (1983) &
    • Ann. Hist. Nat. Madrid 1: 115 (1799);


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.