1. Family: Berberidaceae Juss.
    1. Berberis L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. to Tropical Mountains.

    [FZ]

    Berberidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Evergreen or deciduous shrubs; branches with usually 3-partite spines and short axillary shoots bearing the leaves.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves apparently simple but (in our species at least) derived from 3-foliolate leaves, the side leaflets represented by vestigial leaflets and the terminal leaflet articulated at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers in panicles, racemes, fascicles or solitary, yellowish or orange.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 9, petaloid, free, imbricate, the outer smaller than the inner.
    Corolla
    Petals 6, free, imbricate, in two series, similar to the sepals but biglandular near the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, free; anthers opening by two valves.
    Ovules
    Ovules few, basal, erect.
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry.
    [FTEA]

    Berberidaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

    Habit
    Evergreen or deciduous shrubs or subshrubs
    Branches
    Branches usually with simple or compound spines, which subtend short shoots bearing the leaves and flowers
    Leaves
    Leaves in fascicles or whorls, sessile or shortly petiolate, simple or with 2 vestigial leaflets at the base; blade toothed or entire
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or in fascicles, umbels, racemes or panicles
    Calyx
    Sepals in (1–)2–3(–4) series or whorls, petaloid, usually with 1–2(–3) smaller bracteoles below
    Corolla
    Petals (5–)6, shorter or longer than the sepals, with 2 glands near the base
    Stamens
    Stamens 6; filaments ± dentate at the apex, the connectives sometimes produced; anthers opening by valves
    Ovary
    Ovary with 1–12(–15) basal ascending ovules
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Malawi, Manchuria, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, Somalia, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia

    Introduced into:

    Borneo, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, Falkland Is., Great Britain, Iowa, Kansas, Lesser Sunda Is., Maine, Maluku, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Michigan, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North European Russi, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Poland, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Sulawesi, Sweden, Vermont, Wisconsin

    Berberis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    33750.000
    33751.000
    Wilson [1707] 33749.000
    Ward, K. [5936] 11938.000
    Bowden, J.K. [586] 37701.000
    Bowden, J.K. [578] 37761.000
    Simmons [Guiz 158], China Mahonia 55801.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 330 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 153 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 330 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 153 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 330 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0