1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Taraxacum F.H.Wigg.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Europe, Africa, Falkland Island, Southern America, Australasia, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with a rosette of leaves and a solitary capitulum on a leafless, hollow scape
    Leaves
    Leaves usually pinnatilobed
    Capitulum
    Capitula with phyllaries in two unequal rows
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, rarely whitish
    Fruits
    Achenes fusiform, with a long beak; pappus of barbellate bristles.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Perennial scapigerous herbs with simple or branched taproots.
    Leaves
    Leaves radical, rosulate, entire, sinuate-dentate or runcinate.
    Scape
    Scapes 1-many, simple, hollow; capitula large solitary terminal.
    Involucre
    Involucres oblong-campanulate; phyllaries 2-seriate, the inner series erect, the outer series shorter and spreading or recurved.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle ± flat, epaleate, pitted.
    Corolla
    Corollas yellow (white), ligulate.
    Anthers
    Anthers sagittate at the base with shortly setaceous-acuminate auricles.
    Style
    Style branches long slender, sweeping hairs long.
    Fruits
    Achenes fusiform-oblanceolate, many-ribbed, narrowed and shortly conical above before tapering ± abruptly into a slender stalk-like beak (rostrum), beaks rarely absent, the ribs antrorsely muricate or echinate above.
    Seeds
    Pappus many-seriate consisting of numerous slender, unequal setae.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nunavut, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Bolivia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kerguelen, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Namibia, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Queensland, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Swaziland, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Zimbabwe

    Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bautista, H.P. [PCD3705], Brazil K001031937
    Lombardi, J.A. [2819], Brazil K001100158

    First published in Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56 (1780)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Prim. Fl. Hols.: 56 (1780) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 182 (1994), nom. conserv.
    • Prim. Fl. Hols.: 56 (1780)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0