1. Family: Ranunculaceae Juss.
    1. Clematis L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. to Tropical African Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Ranunculaceae, E. Milne-Redhead And W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Mostly woody climbing or suffruticose trailing plants
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, generally compound, petiole and rhachis capable of twining round supports but not ending in a naked tendril
    Flowers
    Flowers regular, in many- to few-flowered panicles or solitary
    Calyx
    Sepals 4 (rarely more), valvate, more or less petaloid
    Corolla
    Petals and nectaries absent but staminodes, which gradually pass into the stamens, sometimes present
    Carpels
    Carpels indefinite in number, normally uniovulate by abortion
    Fruits
    Achenes capitate, with a persistent usually elongated plumose or naked style.
    [FZ]

    Ranunculaceae, A. W. Exell & E. Milne-Redhead. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Mostly woody climbers or shrubby trailing plants.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, usually pinnately or ternately compound with petiole and rhachis capable of twining.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic in many- to few-flowered panicles or solitary.
    Corolla
    Petals and nectaries absent but staminodes transitional between sepals and stamens sometimes present.
    Carpels
    Carpels indefinite in number, free, normally 1-ovulate by abortion.
    Fruits
    Achenes capitate with a persistent, usually elongated, plumose or naked style.
    [FTEA]

    Ranunculaceae, E. Milne-Redhead And W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with erect stems which are rarely somewhat woody in lower part
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, simple or more often compound, petiole and rhachis not acting as tendrils
    Flowers
    Flowers regular, solitary or few at the ends of stems or branches
    Calyx
    Sepals 4 (rarely more), more or less imbricate, petaloid
    Corolla
    Petals and nectaries absent
    Carpels
    Carpels indefinite in number, with one fertile ovule
    Fruits
    Achenes capitate, with a persistent elongated plumose style.
    [FZ]

    Ranunculaceae, A. W. Exell & E. Milne-Redhead. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Flowers
    Flowers regular, solitary or several at the ends of stems or branches.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4 (rarely more) more or less imbricate, petaloid.
    Corolla
    Petals and nectaries absent.
    Carpels
    Carpels indefinite in number, with one fertile ovule.
    Fruits
    Achenes capitate, with a persistent, elongated, plumose style.
    Habit
    Perennial herbs with erect stems occasionally somewhat woody towards the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, simple or pinnately compound.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Azores, Bermuda, Denmark, Ireland, Sweden

    Clematis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rico, L. [1565], Bolivia K000295305
    Edwards, S.M., Nepal 54046.000
    Dec 1, 1954 Kerr, A.F.G. [2903], Thailand Naravelia K000498798

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 543 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Yang, W.J., Li, L.Q. & Xie, L. (2009). A revision of Clematis sect. Atragene (Ranunculaceae) Journal of Systematics and Evolution 47: 552-580.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 4.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 242 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 543 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 242 (1754)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China
    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0