1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Cladium P.Browne

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Mostly robust perennial herbs with thick rhizomes, sometimes with stolons, up to several meters long
    Culms
    Culms hollow except for the nodes
    Leaves
    Leaves sheathing; ligule 0 Basal and cauline leaves present.
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Spikes on short primary and secondary branches, composed of several spikelets Inflorescence a long panicle, sometimes shortly corymbose, never umbellate
    Spikelets
    Spikelets composed out of 4–11 spirally arranged, imbricate glumes, perfecting 1–3 (rarely more) nutlets, the lower 3–5 glumes sterile, the next glumes containing reduced and bisexual flowers perfecting a nutlet
    Perianth
    Perianth segments absent, or rarely present, then very small
    Stamens
    Stamens 2(–3)
    Style
    Style linear, branches 2–3, basally thickened
    Fruits
    Nutlet small, usually bluntly trigonous, the base of the style persistent

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Suriname

    Native to:

    Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, California, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Libya, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Ontario, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cook Is., Ethiopia, Hawaii, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Maluku, Mauritius, Namibia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Sumatera, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cladium P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 114 (1756)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 8: 484 (1902).
    • Hist. Jam. 114 (1756)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 114 (1756)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0