1. Family: Piperaceae Giseke
    1. Peperomia Ruiz & Pav.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Piperaceae, M.A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

    Habit
    Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect or ascending, sometimes climbing.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to ± fleshy, often glandular-punctate, glabrous or hairy, stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of solitary or crowded spikes, terminal, leaf-opposed or axillary.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, sessile, sometimes sunk in depressions in the rhachis, usually white cream or green.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, borne at the base of the ovary, soon deciduous; filaments short, very thin; anthers transversely oblong or subglobose, dorsifixed.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose or ellipsoid, glabrous; stigma 1(2), sessile or style developed, simple, sometimes sunken, smooth or penicillate.
    Fruits
    Fruit a sessile or stipitate drupe; pericarp thin.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, testa membranous or coriaceous; endosperm farinaceous.
    [FTEA]

    Piperaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial, epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect, prostrate, spreading or climbing, the vascular anatomy resembling that of monocotyledons
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to thick and succulent, even ± globose, glabrous or pubescent with simple or branched hairs; petioles usually present; stipules absent
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, congested or lax, in simple spikes or inflorescences of many spikes arranged in panicles, usually white, cream or green, sessile, sometimes borne in depressions in the rhachis; bracts round or ovate, peltate, glabrous or fimbriate, usually with gland dots
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, borne at base of the ovary, soon deciduous; anthers subglobose or ellipsoid, 2-thecous, with filaments usually much shorter
    Stigma
    Stigma 1 (rarely 2), sessile or style developed, simple or sometimes sunken, usually fimbriate, apical, subapical on the abaxial side and usually oblique or at base of apical beak
    Fruits
    Fruit globose, ovoid, ellipsoid, subcylindrical or obovoid, rounded mammiform or with a small style (oblique or adnate shield-shaped or with short beak), sessile, pedicellate, or on flattened pseudopedicel, sticky, smooth or verruculose, affixed basally or subbasally
    Seeds
    Seed 1; pericarp thin; endocarp slightly hardened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Easter Is.

    Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2003 Lane, P. [53], Cameroon K000180247
    Jan 1, 2003 Cable, S. [1123], Cameroon K000180246
    Oct 1, 1994 Lane, P. [135], Cameroon K000518910
    Oct 1, 1994 Balding, S. [40], Cameroon K000518900
    16976.000
    Madagascar 17459.000
    Madagascar 17561.000
    Madagascar 17562.000
    Madagascar 18136.000
    18137.000
    Wild, H. [37629], Zimbabwe 24383.000
    Polhill, R. [1779], Tanzania 35287.000
    Polhill, R. [1631], Tanzania 35290.000
    Cable, S. [2848], Cameroon K000180263
    Cable, S. [1183], Cameroon K000180269
    Satabie, B. [246], Cameroon K000182030

    First published in Fl. Peruv. Prodr.: 8 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Mathieu, G. & Callejas Posada, R. (2006). New synonymies in the genus Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. (Piperaceae) - an annotated checklist Candollea 61: 331-363.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 147
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Düll in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 93: 56–129 (1973).
    • Fl. Peruv. Chilen. Prodr. : 8, t. 2 (1794).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Tebbs in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 519 (1993)
    • Düll in E.J. 93: 56–129 (1973)
    • Fl. Peruv. Chilen. Prodr.: 8, t. 2 (1794)

    Sources

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/