1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Anthurium Schott

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.


    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    HABIT : evergreen herbs, stem erect, creeping, or short- to long-climbing, rarely rhizomatous, internodes very short (plant rosulate) to elongated. LEAVES : prophylls and cataphylls usually ± persistent, entire (membranaceous) or rotting to a fibrous mass (net-fibrous), sometimes completely disappearing. PETIOLE : geniculate apically (geniculum rarely well below blade, e.g. A. oerstedianum), variously shaped in cross-section, sheath long in juvenile (monopodial) leaves, very short in sympodial leaves. BLADE : small to very large (exceeding 2m), usually coriaceous, more rarely membranaceous or stiff and brittle, extraordinarily variable in shape, linear to orbicular in outline, rarely peltate, entire to trifid or trisect, or pedatifid or subpalmatifid, or pedatisect to radiatisect, rarely the lobes or segments themselves pinnately lobed, blade base cuneate to cordate, sagittate or hastate; primary lateral veins pinnate or more rarely all arising at the base, usually forming one or more submarginal collective veins, basal ribs often present in cordate leaves, higher order venation reticulate. FLOWERING BRANCHES : sympodial units usually comprising one 2-keeled prophyll, one 1-keeled cataphyll, one foliage leaf and terminal inflorescence. INFLORESCENCE : always solitary. PEDUNCLE : usually rather elongated, rarely short. SPATHE : usually persistent, sometimes marcescent or deciduous, usually linear to linear-lanceolate, more rarely elliptic to ovate, broadly cordate to suborbicular, erect, spreading or reflexed. SPADIX : sessile to long-stipitate, usually cylindric to conic, more rarely clavate, rarely globose, very short to very long (over 1m). FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate; tepals 4, fornicate, in 2 decussate whorls. STAMENS : 4, filaments somewhat flattened, usually equalling tepals at anthesis, sometimes exceeding them, anthers short, connective slender, thecae ovate to oblong-ovate, dehiscing by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : forate (most often 3-4 pores), more rarely diporate, rarely inaperturate (sect. Polyphyllium), spherical to subspheroidal, small (mean 22 µm., range 14-29 µm.), exine foveolate to reticulate or subrugulate, rarely tuberculate, muri ± psilate or spinulose, apertural exine mostly psilate, rarely spinulose. GYNOECIUM : ovary ovoid to oblong or obovoid, 2-locular, ovules 1-2 per locule, rarely more, anatropous, hemianatropous or subcampylotropous, funicle short, placenta axile near apex of septum, style inconspicuous to attenuated; stigma small, subcapitate, secreting conspicuous nectar droplet at anthesis. BERRY : variously shaped from globose to elongate-fusiform, when mature exserted from tepals and usually held dangling by tiny strips of inner tepal epidermis, sometimes simply falling out of spadix, 2-4-seeded (more in sect. Tetraspermium), variously coloured, from conspicuous reds and oranges to dull purplish green, white or blueish. SEED : ± oblong to ellipsoid or subglobose, sometimes curved, testa usually smooth or somewhat verrucose, thin, usually with sticky gelatinous mass adhering to raphe, small strophiole sometimes present, embryo axile, subcylindric to conoid, sometimes curved, endosperm copious.
    Plants usually an epiphyte or climbing hemiepiphyte, less often lithophyte or terrestrial; stem aerial, not tuberous or rhizomatous; petiole geniculate at apex; higher order leaf venation clearly reticulated, submarginal collective veins usually present, tissues without trichosclereids; flowers bisexual, with obvious perigone of four free tepals; spathe simple, spreading, reflexed or erect; spadix uniform in appearance with flowers of only one type; berries exserted when mature; seeds with copious endosperm; Neotropical range.
    Mexico to Trop. America.
    Tropical humid forest, especially diverse in cloud forests; climbing hemiepiphytes, terrestrial on forest floor, epiphytes, lithophytes, rarely helophytes or rheophytes.



    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:


    Anthurium Schott appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [19430], Brazil 37825.000
    Harley [19430], Brazil 39208.000
    Hunt, D.R. [7043], Belize 39362.000
    Grubb, P.J. [1159], Ecuador 40975.000
    Whitmore, T. [848], Ecuador 27561.000
    Harley, R. [H 19561], Brazil 51393.000
    Mayo, S. [595], Brazil 46367.000
    Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302889
    Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302888
    Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302887
    Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302886
    Hatschbach, G. [32540], Brazil K001239760
    Hatschbach, G. [42507], Brazil K001239767
    Hatschbach, G. [27593], Brazil K001239768
    Hatschbach, G. [28534], Brazil K001239770
    Hatschbach, G. [16655], Brazil K001239775
    Mayo [728] 58136.000
    Taylor, N.P. [1585], Bahia K000302890
    Mayo et al [716], Brazil 59006.000
    Bleher, A. [5045/66], Brazil 36027.000
    Krapovickas, A. [38463], Brazil K001239762
    Krapovickas, A. [38463], Brazil K001239763
    CFCR [1681], Brazil 58048.000
    HCL [2937] 59068.000
    Kummrow, R. [1347], Brazil K001239769
    Kummrow, R. [558], Brazil K001239771
    Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001239776
    Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001239777
    Ribas, O.S. [117], Brazil K001239766
    Dusén, P. [15250], Brazil K001239773
    Dusén, P. [6643], Brazil K001239774
    Tessmann, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001239761
    Edwards, P. J. [2348], Brazil 65195.000
    Cordeiro, J. [360], Brazil K001239764
    Cordeiro, J. [443], Brazil K001239765
    Mayo, S.J. [594], Brazil K001239778
    Mayo, S.J. [32], Brazil K001239779
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Meghalaya K001132686
    Jonsson [65 a], Brazil K001239772

    First published in Wiener Z. Kunst 3: 828 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A., Waechter, J.L. & Mayo, S.J. (2009). Revisão taxonômica das espécies de Anthurium (Araceae) seção Urospadix subseção Flavescentiviridia Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 60: 799-864.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.


    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/