1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Pseudoxytenanthera Soderstr. & R.P.Ellis

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent (1/1); 300-575-900 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many (1/1); in a clump (1/1); with subequal branches (1/1), or 1 branch dominant (1/1); as thick as stem (1/1), or thinner than stem (1/1). Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle (1/1); auriculate (3/3). Culm-sheath blade linear (1), or lanceolate (2), or triangular (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear (1), or lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (2), or 2 fertile florets (3), or 3 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (3), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (2), or ovate (1); laterally compressed; 10-16.62-25 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets (1/3), or definite (2/3).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (2), or 2 fertile florets (3), or 3 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (3), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (2), or ovate (1); laterally compressed; 10-16.62-25 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets (1/3), or definite (2/3).
    Glume
    Glumes two (2), or several (2); shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate (1/1); chartaceous (1/1); without keels (1/1); 10-11 -veined (1/1). Lower glume apex acuminate (1/1). Upper glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined (1/2), or 10-11 -veined (1/2). Upper glume apex acuminate; muticous (1), or mucronate (3).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma linear (1), or ovate (3); chartaceous; without keel; 13-16 -veined (1/1). Lemma margins flat (3), or convolute (1). Lemma apex acuminate (3), or apiculate (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (3). Palea chartaceous; 5 -veined (1/3), or 7 -veined (2/3); without keels (1), or 2-keeled but the uppermost without keels (2), or 2-keeled (1). Palea keels ciliate (3/3). Apical sterile florets 1 in number (1/1); barren (1/1); linear (1/1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6. Stigmas 1 (3), or 2 (1), or 3 (2); plumose (2), or pubescent (2). Ovary umbonate; glabrous (2), or pubescent on apex (1), or pubescent all over (1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (3), or tardily free pericarp (1); linear (1/3), or fusiform (1/3), or oblong (1/3). Embryo 0.15 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Tropical Asia.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Vietnam

    Pseudoxytenanthera Soderstr. & R.P.Ellis appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 72: 52 (1988)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0