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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.
Tournefortia

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or woody climbers with mostly broad petiolate leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in scorpioid cymes, spike-like, often arranged in dichotomous panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx usually 5-lobed, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mostly white or yellowish, 4–5-merous; tube cylindrical with spreading limb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually 5, inserted in the tube, included, the filaments short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4-locular; stigma sessile or borne on a distinct terminal style, peltate or conic, the stigmatic surfaces lateral, often bifid at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a lobed or unlobed drupe, breaking up at maturity into 2–4 bony nutlets or pyrenes, each 1–2-seeded and often with 0–2 empty cavities; endosperm thin; cotyledons flat.

[FZ]

Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Small trees, shrubs or perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves enure, sessile or shortly petiolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of scorpioid ebracteate cymes arranged in terminal corymbs or panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, sessile or pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed almost to the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla actinomorphic, infundibuliform or hypocrateriform; limb 5-lobed to a half or more.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included, sometimes reaching as far as the throat or a little more, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4-celled, ovules solitary, pendulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style terminal; stigmatic ring topped by an entire to 2-lobed stigmatic appendix.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit dry, dividing at maturity into two 2-seeded mericarps; mesocarp corky; the two fertile cells of each mericarp separated by a deep groove or a sterile cavity.

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, shrubs or trees, usually in saline or strand conditions
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, entire, attenuate at the base into a short or ± obsolete petiole, densely silky-hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dichotomously branched, the flowers in unilateral scorpioid cymes, dense or more lax, sessile or subsessile, white or greenish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, cuneate, round or oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla subcylindrical or campanulate, the lobes imbricate or plicate in bud, later spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5, included or partly exserted; anthers 2 to several times as long as wide; filaments very short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4-locular with 1 ovule in each locule; style terminal, short, the stigma conical with basal receptive annular part and lobed apical part in the widespread species but in others it is conical, truncate-conic or bun-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits dry when mature, the carpels embedded in the centre of the corky exocarp or occupying the apical half of fruit, the lower half entirely ‘spongy-corky’ (see note); endocarp dividing into 2 parts, each with 2 seed-bearing cavities separated by a deep groove or sterile cavity.

Native to:

Altay, Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cambodia, Cayman Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Krym, Laos, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, Panamá, Peru, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Romania, Seychelles, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Siberia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Central European Rus, Oregon

Tournefortia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 22, 2003 Eanghourt, K. [253], Cambodia K000183069
Jul 1, 1843 Schimper [1285], Ethiopia K000418806
Plowman, T. [5469], Ecuador 44859.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 140 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • I.M. Johnston in Journ. Arn. Arb. 16: 145–161 (1935)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 68 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 140 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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