1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Heliotropium Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Australasia, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Annual or perennial usually hairy herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or in a few species opposite, sessile or petiolate, entire or denticulate
    Inflorescences
    Cymes unilateral, spike-like, dense or lax, usually scorpioid, terminal, simple or branched, with or without bracts or flowers solitary at apices of leafy branches
    Flowers
    Flowers small, hermaphrodite, regular
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 5, lanceolate or linear, often slightly unequal, mostly shortly joined at base
    Corolla
    Corolla white, yellow, cream or blue, tubular, salver-shaped or funnel-shaped, glabrous or pubescent, the throat often pubescent, usually without scales; lobes 5(–6), spreading, imbricate, folded and induplicate in bud, often with teeth between
    Stamens
    Stamens 5(–6), included, the filaments very short or absent; anthers elliptic-oblong or lanceolate
    Pistil
    Ovary completely or incompletely 4(–5)-locular with 1 ovule in each locule, often encircled by a basal disc; style terminal, short to long, or often absent; stigma depressed, conic or discoid, generally topped with a sterile cylindrical or conical appendage, entire or 3–4-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit dry or slightly fleshy, breaking into 4 distinct 1-seeded nutlets at maturity or cohering in pairs or reduced to 1 nutlet by abortion
    Seeds
    Seeds straight or curved, generally with endosperm.
    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes woody at the base, rarely shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite, entire or denticulate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes spike-like, usually scorpioid, terminal or pseudoaxillary, bracteate or ebracteate, simple or branched or sometimes flowers solitary supra-axillary.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, 5-merous, hermaphrodite.
    Calyx
    Calyx usually lobed to near base.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform or infundibuliform, white, yellow or blue; lobes usually spreading, imbricate or induplicate in bud.
    Stamens
    Stamens included; filaments very short.
    Pistil
    Ovary completely or incompletely 4-celled; ovules pendulous; style terminal, usually short, included, with a stigmatic ring below the apex and usually with a cylindrical or conical terminal sterile appendix.
    Fruits
    Fruit dry, usually splitting at maturity into 4, 1-seeded nutlets, free or cohering in pairs or remaining entire and 1-seeded by abortion; seeds usually with a thin endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    French Guiana

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Aruba, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, Galápagos, Germany, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guatemala, Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    St.Helena

    Introduced into:

    Assam, Caprivi Strip, Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Illinois, Ivory Coast, Kentucky, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Tennessee, Togo

    Heliotropium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9885], Cameroon K000029807
    Plowman, T. [5426], Peru 44863.000
    Rico, L. [1216], Bolivia K000295063
    Rico, L. [1239], Bolivia K000295261
    Rico, L. [1265], Bolivia K000295083
    Rico, L. [1479], Bolivia K000295367
    Rico, L. [1550], Bolivia K000295289
    Rico, L. [2017], Mexico K000266001
    Semenov [s.n.] K000998206

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 130 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 28.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 63 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 130 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 63 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 130 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/