1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Solandra Sw.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Habit
    Lianas, climbing shrubs or epiphytes
    Stem
    Stems usually glabrous to pubescent, with fissured bark
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, coriaceous, with simple or branched eglandular hairs, glandular-headed hairs also usually present
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1- to few-flowered clusters on stout woody pedicels at ends of branches
    Flowers
    Flowers terminal, large and conspicuous, often fragrant, slightly zygomorphic, borne on stout pedicels
    Calyx
    Calyces tubular, usually zygomorphic, 2- or 5- irregularly lobed, sometimes 3-keeled
    Corolla
    Corolla infundibuliform or cyathiform with basal cylindrical tube; lobes 5, overlapping in bud, short and round, entire or laciniate, usually recurved
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, subequal, exserted or included, inserted on lower half of corolla tube; filaments slender, curved, fused to corolla tube, glabrous throughout or pubescent at the point of corolla fusion; anthers basifixed, longitudinally dehiscent
    Style
    Style slender, declinate, exserted or barely included, glabrous; stigma globular, bilobed, small
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-carpellate, 4-locular, each locule with numerous ovules, partly inferior; with well-developed ovarian nectary wall
    Fruits
    Berries conical to ovoid, leathery; calyx persisting and splitting in fruit
    Seeds
    Seeds compressed, discoidal or reniform
    Embryo
    Embryo curved, not compressed
    Note
    The species are widely cultivated for their spectacular flowers in tropical gardens and in glasshouses throughout the world.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is., Cook Is., Fiji, Mauritius, Morocco, Norfolk Is.

    Solandra Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Teixeira, L.O.A. [412], Brazil K001073113
    Glaziou [17721 a], Brazil K001073114

    First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 8: 300 (1787)

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Solanaceae: 353–356 (2001), nom. conserv.
    • Nord. J. Bot. 7: 639–652 (1987);
    • Biol. & Tax. Solanaceae: 64–65 (1979);
    • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 675–680 (1973);
    • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 533 (1852);
    • K. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. Stockholm 8: 300–306 (1787);

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0