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This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical & S. Africa to Pacific.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly crowded at ends of branches, entire or crenulate; stipules soon falling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers often opening at night, in erect or hanging racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 4, united with staminal tube at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens united into a short tube, inner ones shorter without anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–4(–5)-celled; ovules 2–many in each cell, mostly hanging
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with a fleshy outer layer and a woody inner layer, usually 1-seeded by abortion.
Distribution
Genus of about 70 species from eastern Africa (two species) through tropical Asia to Australia and Polynesia.

[FTEA]

Lecythidaceae, G. R. W. Sangai (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees and shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly tufted towards the ends of the branches, entire or slightly crenate-serrate; stipules very small, deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mostly scented and often opening at night, in erect or pendulous, terminal or lateral racemes; bracts and bracteoles small, soon deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube not or hardly produced above the ovary; limb of 3–5 free lobes or entirely closed before anthesis, then 2–5-lobed or circumscissile, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, rarely 5–6, adhering to the staminal tube at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens connate into a short tube at the base; inner ones shorter, without anthers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–4(–5)-locular; ovules 2–many in each locule, mostly pendulous from the apex of the inner angle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with fleshy-fibrous exocarp and a woody-fibrous endocarp, indehiscent, usually 1-seeded by abortion
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Embryo undifferentiated, without cotyledons; no albumen. Seeds spindle-shaped or trigonous

[FZ]

Barringtoniaceae, A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen trees usually tall, more rarely shrubs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in long terminal or lateral racemes or spikes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± 4-lobate or 2–4 irregularly laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, free from each other but somewhat adnate to the staminal ring.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, multiseriate, with the filiform filaments of each whorl connate at the base into a short ring; anthers small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk intrastaminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style filiform, very long, usually contorted; stigma small, simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2–4-locular; ovules 2–8 in each locule, horizontal, pendulous, 2-seriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe fibrous, usually 1-seeded; embryo entire.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Introduced into:

Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Barringtonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Forman, L. [492], Indonesia 14456.000
Sands, M.J.S. [937], Papua New Guinea 7751.000
Coode, M.J.E. [7217], Brunei 61307.000
Ambrit [AA 1726], Indonesia 63153.000

First published in Char. Gen. Pl.: 75 (1776)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Payens, J.P.D.W. (1967). A monograph of the genus Barringtonia (Lecythidaceae) Blumea 15(2): 157-263.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Char. Gen. Pl.: 75, t. 38 (1776) nom. conserv.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin & G. Moggi [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Payens in Blumea 15: 157–263 (1967).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Payens in Blumea 15: 157–263 (1967) [very full monographic treatment], nom. conserv.
  • Char. Gen. Pl.: 75, t. 38 (1776)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0