1. Family: Lecythidaceae A.Rich.
    1. Barringtonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical & S. Africa to Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Lecythidaceae, G. R. W. Sangai (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Trees and shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly tufted towards the ends of the branches, entire or slightly crenate-serrate; stipules very small, deciduous
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly scented and often opening at night, in erect or pendulous, terminal or lateral racemes; bracts and bracteoles small, soon deciduous
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube not or hardly produced above the ovary; limb of 3–5 free lobes or entirely closed before anthesis, then 2–5-lobed or circumscissile, persistent
    Corolla
    Petals 4, rarely 5–6, adhering to the staminal tube at the base
    Stamens
    Stamens connate into a short tube at the base; inner ones shorter, without anthers
    Ovary
    Ovary 2–4(–5)-locular; ovules 2–many in each locule, mostly pendulous from the apex of the inner angle
    Fruits
    Fruit with fleshy-fibrous exocarp and a woody-fibrous endocarp, indehiscent, usually 1-seeded by abortion
    Seeds
    Embryo undifferentiated, without cotyledons; no albumen. Seeds spindle-shaped or trigonous
    [FZ]

    Barringtoniaceae, A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Evergreen trees usually tall, more rarely shrubs.
    Flowers
    Flowers in long terminal or lateral racemes or spikes.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 4-lobate or 2–4 irregularly laciniate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, free from each other but somewhat adnate to the staminal ring.
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous, multiseriate, with the filiform filaments of each whorl connate at the base into a short ring; anthers small.
    Disc
    Disk intrastaminal.
    Pistil
    Style filiform, very long, usually contorted; stigma small, simple.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2–4-locular; ovules 2–8 in each locule, horizontal, pendulous, 2-seriate.
    Fruits
    Drupe fibrous, usually 1-seeded; embryo entire.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Cook Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

    Introduced into:

    Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Barringtonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Forman, L. [492], Indonesia 14456.000
    Sands, M.J.S. [937], Papua New Guinea 7751.000
    Coode, M.J.E. [7217], Brunei 61307.000
    Ambrit [AA 1726], Indonesia 63153.000

    First published in Char. Gen. Pl.: 75 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Payens, J.P.D.W. (1967). A monograph of the genus Barringtonia (Lecythidaceae) Blumea 15(2): 157-263.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Char. Gen. Pl.: 75, t. 38 (1776) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Payens in Blumea 15: 157–263 (1967) [very full monographic treatment], nom. conserv.
    • Char. Gen. Pl.: 75, t. 38 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0