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  1. Family: Salicaceae Mirb.
    1. Homalium Jacq.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Queensland, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate (in African spp.), petiolate; lamina entire or crenate-serrate with a gland near the apex of each tooth on the underside; stipules absent, minute or large and orbicular, caducous or persistent.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual in axillary or terminal racemes or paniculate racemes, solitary or fasciculate on the inflorescence-branches, sessile or pedicelled, subtended by small caducous or persistent bracts.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle (or calyx tube?) adnate to the ovary; sepals (4) 5–8 (12), usually narrow, sometimes accrescent.
    Corolla
    Petals alternating with the sepals, persistent, sometimes accrescent.
    Stamens
    Stamens epipetalous, solitary or in fascicles of 2–3 (or up to 12 outside our area); filaments slender; anthers small, extrorse, dorsifixed.
    Disc
    Disk represented by a usually tomentose gland opposite each sepal.
    Pistil
    Ovary with its lower half sunk in the receptacle, 1-locular with 2–3 (8) placentas each with (1) 2–3 (7) ovules near the apex; styles 2–4 (7), free or variously connate; stigmas small.
    Fruits
    Capsule half inferior, woody or coriaceous, 2–3 (8) valved from the apex or indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds solitary or few.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, entire or glandular-serrate-crenate, penninerved, petiolate; stipules absent, or minute to large, sometimes auriculate, caducous or ± persistent
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, regular, (4–)5–8(–12)-merous, in axillary or subterminal racemes or panicles, solitary or fasciculate on the inflorescence-branches, sessile or pedicelled, subtended by small caducous or persistent bracts
    Calyx
    Sepals flat, usually narrow, persistent, often accrescent and wing-like Calyx-tube (or receptacle) adnate to the ovary
    Corolla
    Petals alternating with the sepals, persistent, sometimes accrescent
    Stamens
    Stamens epipetalous, solitary or in fascicles of 2–3; filaments slender; anthers small, extrorse, dorsifixed
    Disc
    Disk represented by a usually hairy gland opposite each sepal
    Pistil
    Ovary conical and free in its upper half, sunk in the receptacle in its lower half, 1-locular, with 2–3(–8) placentas, each with 1-several ovules near the apex; styles 2–4(–7), free or connate to a distinct column below (then only stigmatic arms free); stigmas punctiform
    Fruits
    Capsule half-inferior, coriaceous or woody, finally 2–3(–8)-valved from the apex, or remaining indehiscent (apparently mainly in sterile flowers)
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–few, small, often not fully formed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Homalium Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [2022], Cameroon K000541175
    Letouzey, R. [14199], Cameroon K000105764
    Zarucchi, J.L. [3024], Brazil K001219696
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [7976], Brazil K001219698
    Acevedo-Rodriguez, P.A. [8336], Brazil K001219697

    Bibliography

    First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 5 (1760)

    Accepted by

    • Applequist, W.L. (2016). A revision of the Malagasy species of Homalium sect. Eumyriantheia Warb. Candollea 71: 33-60.
    • Applequist, W.L. (2013). A nomenclator for Homalium (Salicaceae) Skvortsovia 1: 12-74.
    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 2: 497.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Enum. Syst. Pl. Ins. Carib.: 5, 24 (1760).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Sleumer in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 43: 239 (1973)
    • Gilg in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 425 (1925)
    • Enum. Pl. Carib.: 5 (1760)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0