Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous
Morphology Culms
Culms mostly scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves rarely without blade; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts one to several, mostly leaf-like, the lowermost largest, the others progressively smaller
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or pseudolateral, capitate or anthelate and often with primary, and sometimes secondary branches terminating in 1 or more or digitate clusters of spikelets (spikes), sometimes the spikelets more spaced out on an elongated axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets linear to ovoid. Laterally flattened; axis persistent or spikelet falling off as entity when nutlets are ripened (subgenus Mariscus).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes few to many, 2-ranked, dehiscent (or persistent in subgenus Mariscus), glabrous, keel obtuse to mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma (2–)3-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style base not thickened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets trigonous, dorsiventrally compressed, with a flat side pressed against the rachilla, sometimes almost rounded

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or (more rarely) annual herbs, tufted or with creeping rhizomes or stolons, sometimes producing tubers or bulbs
Morphology Stem
Stems trigonous or (more rarely) subterete or 6-angular, usually leafy only at the base, rarely halfway up, but some species lacking basal leaves altogether; stem-base sometimes swollen and succulent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves tristichous, linear and grass-like, the lower ones often scale-like, covering the base of the stem and the rhizome, rarely all reduced to their sheaths
Morphology General
Stem- and leaf-anatomy of eucyperus-type (in species 1–10) or of chlorocyperus-type (in species 11–86)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, often a subumbel-like open anthela or congested into a dense head (capitate), usually consisting of numerous spikelets set in distinct spikes or in digitate clusters; involucral bracts usually similar to the leaves, the base of each branch (ray) enclosed in a tubular, two-keeled prophyll
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ± compressed, linear or ovate, 1–50 flowered; axis (rhachilla) often winged by the decurrent base of the glumes, persistent or caducous (then spikelets falling off as a whole)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes distichous, white, grey, green, brown, reddish brown or blackish, often variegated, with 1–5 ± distinct nerves on each side of the midrib; midrib often green and of another colour than the other parts of the glume, sometimes excurrent in a straight or recurved mucro
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology General Indumentum
Hypogynous bristles or scales absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, 2 or 1; the connective often produced into an apical appendage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3- or 2-fid, rarely almost undivided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet sessile, trigonous or lenticular, usually obovoid or ellipsoid; surface often tuberculate or papillose.
Note
Large genus of about 650 species; it is taken here in a wide sense including Anosporum (species 10), Kyllinga (species 70–81), Mariscus (species 49–51, 53–69), Pycreus (species 83–86), Queenslandiella (species 82) and Sorostachys (species 8–9).

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Stoloniferous floating perennial
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ligulate, the lower leaf sheaths inflated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence subumbellate, globose heads sessile of with peduncles of variable length; each head with many closely packed spikelets; these subtended by scale-like bracts but lacking prophylls.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes spirally inserted, stiff, margins ciliate, margins thick and acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Floret bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet lenticular and with a corky base, margin and tip.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Slender annuals
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences congested with with few to several rays, rarely bisanthelate [branched to 2 orders, roughly funnel-shaped]. Spikes ovoid to subcylindric, with many spirally arranged spikelet bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 10-flowered with 3 distichous scales, subhyaline (equivalent to 2 basal bracts plus a prophyll), upper one (glume) longer and clasping the flower, rarely utriculiform, rarely adaxial rachilla ± as long as the glume
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary rarely with a hyaline cupuliform hypogynium with truncate or scarcely lobed mouth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style trifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet roundedtrigonous, shortly beaked.
Note
As circumscribed by Goetghebeur and Vorster this genus, formerly described as monotypic, now includes four species occurring between Congo-Kinshasa and Ethiopia in the north and Namibia and Madagascar in the south.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb with stout rhizomes, giving off tough horizontal stolons
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose, bulbous at the base
Morphology Leaves
Lower leaves reduced to sheaths; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts several. Leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a pale globose cluster of many spikelets, tightly congested; rachillae above base persistent, upper part together with spikelet deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets lanceolate. Laterally flattened; axis persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes distichous, the lower empty, the apical one enclosing a fertile flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3 with long filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers linear, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style very long, thickened at base, 3-branched Style-base not persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets elongate-ellipsoid, compressed-subtrigonous, somewhat attenuate at base, densely punctulate.
Note
A monotypic genus for a species which has been placed in four separate genera, and which occurs from S Tanzania to Angola. Sphaerocyperus differs from Rhynchospora (in which genus it is placed most often) by having distichously arranged glumes, a 3-branched style and a nutlet without persistent swollen stembase.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual tufted herb with pungent odour of curry or fenugreek, long persistent in dried specimens.
Morphology Roots
Rooting system shallow.
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence anthelate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets falling entire, the broadly winged rachilla with distichous persistent glumes, each subtending a flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ± oblong in outline, compressed laterally.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Culms
Culm scapose, often thickened at base
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a compact single head of 1–few spikes of many spirally arranged densely imbricate spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 1 per spike Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1flowered, consisting of bract.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glume (this often petal-like and sometimes enveloping the nutlet) sometimes with a small adaxial bristle-like scale, and sometimes a rachilla, and a flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3(–5)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–3(–5)-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet mostly obovoid and trigonous, dorsiventrally compressed, minutely papillose.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous
Morphology Culms
Culms usually scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal (except in P mundtii Nees – leaves up the culm), rarely without blade; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts one to several. Leaf-like, sometimes ± bract-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or less often pseudolateral, capitate or anthelate, with primary, and sometimes secondary branches terminating in one or more or digitate clusters of spikelets, sometimes the spikelets more spaced out on an elongated axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets linear to oblong or ellipsoid to ovate. Laterally flattened; axis persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes few to many, 2-ranked, keel obtuse to mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 2-branched (3 in P nigricans).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style continuous with ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets laterally biconvex, with one margin facing the spikelet axis, sometimes almost rounded.
Note
100 species; pantropical.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, often with rhizomes or stolons
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose to fewnoded, usually triangular
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes reduced to sheaths only; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a single ovoid or globose spike, or a complex head with smaller lateral spikes at base of main spike; these laterals flower and fruit later than the main one
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets narrowly ovoid, 1–6-flowered, with 2 sterile basal glumes and several larger fertile glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Upper flowers sometimes male only.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes in 2 rows, usually ovate and hooded, keel sometimes winged
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3, usually 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 2 branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet oblong or ellipsoid, compressed laterally.
Note
Note: Many of the Kew types have been on loan for several years. Despite polite requests for access I was unable to study these types. This, combined with a shortage of time (caused by FTEA completion deadline) have made this treatment less good than I would have wished, as well as incomplete in parts – including a number of indeterminates. Such indets are usually a source of both key improvements and range extensions, and sometimes even of new records or taxa. This is not how I like to work, and I apologize to the users of the treatment and the key! Note: occasionally the spelling Kyllingia is encountered (as in de Jussieu, Nees and Steudel) but the original and correct spelling is without the ‘i’.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial leafy herbs with erect or horizontal woody rhizomes.
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a compact head consisting of several rounded or ovoid spikelets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets may consist of smaller spikelets. Spikelets with few to many spirally arranged scales or glumes, each subtending a sessile flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments flattened.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther not crested
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil with style 2 or 3-branched at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet obovoid, minutely papillose.
Note
This genus is close to Isolepis morphologically, but differs inflorescence and glume structure.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Perennial strand plant with long creeping rhizome bearing ± distant erect culms
Morphology Culms
Culms with many nodes, hidden in leaf sheaths
Morphology Leaves
Leaves crowded, thick; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate of several congested cymes, subsessile among the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets with distichous glumes, the basal 3 glumes empty, and a pseudoterminal bisexual flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers distinctly apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary gradually drawn out into the style which is 3-branched at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ellipsoid to linear-oblong, trigonous, smooth, clasped by enlarged corky upper rachilla internode.
Ecology
A monotypic genus, widely distributed throughout the tropics on dunes and sea shores.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals with curry-like odour, with slender to minute rootsystem
Morphology Culms
Culms scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, anthelate, with primary and secondary branches, terminating into 1 to several clusters of spikelets (spikes)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ovoid. Laterally flattened, 1–10-flowered, disarticulating in one piece above the two basal empty glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent on rachilla, distichous, boat-shaped with winged midrib, mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 3branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet trigonous, narrowly oblong to linear-lanceolate, minutely papillose.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Culms
Culm erect, ± cylindrical, scapose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheath closed, blade flat or inrolled; ligule 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts leaf-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and head-like, with 1–many spikes Spikes with many spikelet bracts set in a dense spiral, each bract subtending a highly reduced 1-flower spikelet with 2 minute scales, an empty prophyll, and a flower-bearing glume
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 1–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–3-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet obovoid or ellipsoid, topped by small remnant of style-base

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Ireland, Tristan da Cunha, Tuvalu

Cyperus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9374], Cameroon K000050695
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4500], Cameroon K000050696
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3577], Cameroon K000678154
Dec 1, 2000 Zapfack, L. [831], Cameroon K000678152
Dec 1, 2000 Asongani, J.N. [1314], Cameroon K000678153
May 1, 1998 Pollard, B.J. [295], Cameroon K000678155
Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7351], Cameroon K000212976
Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7025], Cameroon K000212978
Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7322], Cameroon K000212977
Mar 1, 1996 Cable, S. [775], Cameroon K000212979
Rico, L. [1182], Bolivia K000295024
Bidgood, S. [5053], Tanzania K000190281
Bidgood, S. [5282], Tanzania K000190512
Bidgood, S. [5326], Tanzania K000190556
Bidgood, S. [5823], Tanzania K000468602
Bidgood, S. [5783], Tanzania K000468642
Gerard, P. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119303
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3308], India K001119022
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3308], Myanmar K001119026
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119032
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Nepal K001119033
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119036
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Nepal K001119039
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Myanmar K001119044
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Myanmar K001119047
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3318], Nepal K001119073
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119074
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119081
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3319], Nepal K001119084
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3321], Nepal K001119088
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119091
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3322], Nepal K001119092
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3324], Nepal K001119095
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3324], Myanmar K001119096
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119098
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3326], India K001119103
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3327], India K001119106
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119107
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119108
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3329], Myanmar K001119120
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3334], Nepal K001119136
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3334], India K001119138
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3335], Myanmar K001119139
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3340], India K001119157
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3342], India K001119160
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3342], India K001119161
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3343], India K001119171
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3347], India K001119178
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3348], India K001119179
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3350], Myanmar K001119181
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3351], India K001119187
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3351], Myanmar K001119190
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3352], Nepal K001119196
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3352], Nepal K001119197
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3354], India K001119202
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119205
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Nepal K001119210
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Myanmar K001119211
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Myanmar K001119212
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3357], India K001119215
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3358], India K001119217
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Malaysia K001119221
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Malaysia K001119222
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Myanmar K001119223
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Nepal K001119232
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Myanmar K001119233
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Myanmar K001119234
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3362], Myanmar K001119243
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119252
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], Nepal K001119254
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], Myanmar K001119255
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3365], Nepal K001119259
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], India K001119265
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], Malaysia K001119266
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], Myanmar K001119267
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3367], Nepal K001119268
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119272
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3369], Myanmar K001119275
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3370], Malaysia K001119279
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3370], Myanmar K001119280
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3371], Singapore K001119282
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3371], Singapore K001119283
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3373], India K001119285
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3373], India K001119286
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119293
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Nepal K001119299
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Nepal K001119300
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119301
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Myanmar K001119302
Harris, T. [59], Mozambique K000545054
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119071
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119072
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119083 Unknown type material
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119093
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3334], India K001119137
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3351], India K001119189
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3352], India K001119203
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119206
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119253
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119304
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3369], Myanmar K001119274
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119082
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119087
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3345] K001119174
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119188
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119207 Unknown type material
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119230
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3360], India K001119231
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119251
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3365] K001119260
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3368] K001119269
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3372] K001119284
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119021
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119023
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119024
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119025
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119027
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119028
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3310] K001119029
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3311] K001119030
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119031
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119034
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119035
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119037
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119038
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119040
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119041
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119042
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119043
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119045
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119046
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119051
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119052
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119053
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119054
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119055
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119056
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119057
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119058
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314], India K001119059
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119060
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119061
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119062
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3316] K001119063
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119064
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119065
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119066
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119067
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119068
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119069
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119070
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119075
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119076
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119077
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119078
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119079
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119080
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119085
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119086
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119089
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3322] K001119090
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3323] K001119094
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119097
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325] K001119099
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119100
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3326] K001119101
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3326] K001119102
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3327] K001119104
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3327] K001119105
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119109
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119110
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119111
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119112
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119113
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119114
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119115
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119116
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119117
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119118
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119119
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119122
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119123
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119124
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], Bangladesh K001119125
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3330] K001119126
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3330] K001119127
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3331] K001119128
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119129
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119130
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119131
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119132
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3333] K001119133
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3334] K001119134
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3334] K001119135
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119140
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119141
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119142
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119143
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119144
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336], India K001119145
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119146
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336], India K001119147
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337] K001119148
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337] K001119149
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337], Bangladesh K001119150
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337], Bangladesh K001119151
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3339] K001119153
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119154
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119155
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119156
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3342] K001119158
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3342] K001119159
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119162
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119163
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119164
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119165
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119166
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119167
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343], Sri Lanka K001119168
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343], India K001119169
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119170
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3344] K001119172
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3344] K001119173
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3346] K001119175
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3346] K001119176
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3347] K001119177
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3349] K001119180
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119183
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119184
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119185
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119186
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119191
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119192
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119193
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3352] K001119194
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3352] K001119195
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3353], India K001119198
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3353] K001119199
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3354] K001119200
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119201
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119204
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119208
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119209
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119213
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3356] K001119214
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3358] K001119216
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119218
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119219
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119220
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359], India K001119224
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119226
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119227
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119228
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119229
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119235
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119236
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119237
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119238
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119239
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119240
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119241
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3361], India K001119242
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3362] K001119244
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119245
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119246
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119247
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119248
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119249
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119250
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3364] K001119256
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3364] K001119257
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3365] K001119258
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119261
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119262
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119263
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119264
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119270
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119271
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119273
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119276
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119277
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3371] K001119281
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3374] K001119287
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3375] K001119288
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3375] K001119289
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119290
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119291
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119292
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119294
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119295
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119296
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119297
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119298
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3535] K001119669
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3536], India K001119670
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3536], India K001119671
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3329], Mauritius K001119121
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3338], Mauritius K001119152
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3429], Malaysia Mariscus K001119361
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3430], Myanmar Mariscus K001119362
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3432], India Mariscus K001119365
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], Nepal Mariscus K001119375
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119376
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119377
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], Myanmar Mariscus K001119378
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Malaysia Mariscus K001119384
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Myanmar Mariscus K001119385
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Myanmar Mariscus K001119386
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Myanmar Mariscus K001119387
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Malaysia Mariscus K001119388
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Singapore Mariscus K001119389
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3431] Mariscus K001119363
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3432] Mariscus K001119364
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3433] Mariscus K001119366
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3434] Mariscus K001119367
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119368
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119369
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119370
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119371
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119372
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119373
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3436] Mariscus K001119374
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437] Mariscus K001119379
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437] Mariscus K001119380
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119381
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3438] Mariscus K001119382
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3438], India Mariscus K001119383
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119390
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119391
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439], India Mariscus K001119392
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119393
Bidgood, S. [5507], Tanzania Ascolepis K000190737
Bidgood, S. [5219], Tanzania Pycreus K000190447
Bidgood, S. [5225], Tanzania Pycreus K000190453
Bidgood, S. [5033], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190261
Bidgood, S. [5040], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190268
Bidgood, S. [5058], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190286
Bidgood, S. [5059], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190287
Bidgood, S. [5085], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190313
Bidgood, S. [5109], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190337
Bidgood, S. [5140], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190368
Bidgood, S. [5152], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190380
Bidgood, S. [5155], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190383
Bidgood, S. [5177], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190405
Bidgood, S. [5180], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190408
Bidgood, S. [5195], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190423
Bidgood, S. [5198], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190426
Bidgood, S. [5199], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190427
Bidgood, S. [5200], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190428
Bidgood, S. [5284], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190514
Bidgood, S. [5300], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190530
Bidgood, S. [5940], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468485
Bidgood, S. [5930], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468495
Bidgood, S. [5403], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190633
Bidgood, S. [5899], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468526
Bidgood, S. [5849], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468576
Bidgood, S. [5840], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468585
Bidgood, S. [5812], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468613
Bidgood, S. [5784], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468641
Bidgood, S. [5751], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468673
Bidgood, S. [5742], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468682
Bidgood, S. [5741], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468683
Bidgood, S. [5684], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468740
Bidgood, S. [5624], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468800
Bidgood, S. [5431], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190661
Bidgood, S. [5591], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468833
Bidgood, S. [5853], Tanzania Lipocarpha K000468572
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3444], Myanmar Lipocarpha K001119416
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3444], Myanmar Lipocarpha K001119417
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3445], Nepal Lipocarpha K001119424
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119425
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119426
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3444] Lipocarpha K001119415
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3444] Lipocarpha K001119418
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119419
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119420
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119421
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119422
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119423

First published in Sp. Pl.: 44 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee (2016). Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. In: Version 12. Standards and Petitions Subcommittee, Prepared by the http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf.
  • Pimentel, M. M. (2016). The tectonic evolution ofthe Neoproterozoic Brasilia Belt, central Brazil: a geochronological and isotopic approach. Brazil. J. Geol. 46 (Suppl. 1): 67 - 82. doi:10.1590/2317-4889201620150004
  • Tucker, G. C  (2013). Two new Neotropical species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Kew Bull. 68: 850 - 855.
  • Larridon, I. , Huygh, W., Reynders, M., Muasya, A. M., Govaerts, R., Simpson, D. A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011c). Nomenclature and typification of names of genera and subdivisions of genera in Cypereae (Cyperaceae): 2. Names of subdivisions of Cyperus. Taxon 60: 868 - 884.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M. , Bauters, K., Vrijdaghs, A., Leroux, O., Muasya, A. M. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011b). Taxonomic changes in C3 Cyperus (Cyperaceae) supported by molecular phylogenetic data, mor­phology, embryography, ontogeny and anatomy. Pl. Ecol. Evol. 144: 327 - 356.
  • Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Huygh, W., Bauters, K., Van de Putte, K., Muasya, A. M., Boeckx, P., Simpson, D. A., Vrijdaghs, A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011a). Affinities in C3 Cyperus lineages (Cyperaceae) revealed using molecular phylogenetic data and carbon isotope analysis. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167: 19 - 46.
  • Guarise, N. J. & Vegetti, A. C. (2008). The inflores­cences structure of Cyperus L. section Luzuloidei Kunth (Cyperaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 271: 41 - 63.
  • Tucker, G. C (2007). Systematics of Cyperus L. section Diffusi Kunth(Cyperaceae)intheNeotropics.In:L.M. Barbosa, N. A. Dos Santos & Jr. (eds), A Botanica no Brasil: pesquisa, ensino e politicas publicas ambientes, pp. 311 - 314. Sociedade Botanica do Brasil, Sao Paulo.
  • Tucker, G. C , Carter, J. R. & Marcks, B. G. (2002). Cyperus (Cyperaceae — Sedge Family). In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds), Flora of North America 23: 141 - 190. Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford.
  • Tucker, G. C (2001). Cyperus (Cyperaceae). In: W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool, O. M. Montiel, A. L. Arbelaez & D. M. Cutaia (eds), Flora de Nicaragua (Tomo I), Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 740 - 757.
  • Tucker, G. C. (1994). Revision of the Mexican Species of Cyperus L. (Cyperaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43: 1 - 213.
  • Denton, M. F. (1978). A taxonomic treatment of the Luzulae group of Cyperus. Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 11: 197 - 271.
  • Kukenthal, G. (1935 - 36). Cyperaceae-Scirpoideae- Cypereae. In: A. Engler (ed.), Das Pflanzenreich IV. 20 (Heft 101): 1 - 671. W. Engelmann, Leipzig.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Kükenthal in Engl., Pflanzenr., Cyperaceae-Scirpoideae-Cypereae 41–315 (1935–36).
  • F.T.A. 8: 310–377 (1901)
  • Sp. Pl. 44 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sp. Pl.: 44 (1753)

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/