1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Cyperus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous
    Culms
    Culms mostly scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves rarely without blade; ligule 0
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts one to several, mostly leaf-like, the lowermost largest, the others progressively smaller
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or pseudolateral, capitate or anthelate and often with primary, and sometimes secondary branches terminating in 1 or more or digitate clusters of spikelets (spikes), sometimes the spikelets more spaced out on an elongated axis
    Spikelets
    Spikelets linear to ovoid. Laterally flattened; axis persistent or spikelet falling off as entity when nutlets are ripened (subgenus Mariscus).
    Glume
    Glumes few to many, 2-ranked, dehiscent (or persistent in subgenus Mariscus), glabrous, keel obtuse to mucronate
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3
    Stigma
    Stigma (2–)3-branched.
    Style
    Style base not thickened
    Fruits
    Nutlets trigonous, dorsiventrally compressed, with a flat side pressed against the rachilla, sometimes almost rounded
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Stoloniferous floating perennial
    Culms
    Culms scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves ligulate, the lower leaf sheaths inflated
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence subumbellate, globose heads sessile of with peduncles of variable length; each head with many closely packed spikelets; these subtended by scale-like bracts but lacking prophylls.
    Glume
    Glumes spirally inserted, stiff, margins ciliate, margins thick and acuminate
    Florets
    Floret bisexual.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 3
    Style
    Style 2-branched
    Fruits
    Nutlet lenticular and with a corky base, margin and tip.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Slender annuals
    Culms
    Culms scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves eligulate
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences congested with with few to several rays, rarely bisanthelate [branched to 2 orders, roughly funnel-shaped]. Spikes ovoid to subcylindric, with many spirally arranged spikelet bracts
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 10-flowered with 3 distichous scales, subhyaline (equivalent to 2 basal bracts plus a prophyll), upper one (glume) longer and clasping the flower, rarely utriculiform, rarely adaxial rachilla ± as long as the glume
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2
    Ovary
    Ovary rarely with a hyaline cupuliform hypogynium with truncate or scarcely lobed mouth.
    Style
    Style trifid
    Fruits
    Nutlet roundedtrigonous, shortly beaked.
    Note
    As circumscribed by Goetghebeur and Vorster this genus, formerly described as monotypic, now includes four species occurring between Congo-Kinshasa and Ethiopia in the north and Namibia and Madagascar in the south.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Perennial herb with stout rhizomes, giving off tough horizontal stolons
    Culms
    Culms scapose, bulbous at the base
    Leaves
    Lower leaves reduced to sheaths; ligule 0
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts several. Leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a pale globose cluster of many spikelets, tightly congested; rachillae above base persistent, upper part together with spikelet deciduous
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate. Laterally flattened; axis persistent.
    Glume
    Glumes distichous, the lower empty, the apical one enclosing a fertile flower
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 3 with long filaments.
    Anthers
    Anthers linear, obtuse
    Style
    Style very long, thickened at base, 3-branched Style-base not persistent.
    Fruits
    Nutlets elongate-ellipsoid, compressed-subtrigonous, somewhat attenuate at base, densely punctulate.
    Note
    A monotypic genus for a species which has been placed in four separate genera, and which occurs from S Tanzania to Angola. Sphaerocyperus differs from Rhynchospora (in which genus it is placed most often) by having distichously arranged glumes, a 3-branched style and a nutlet without persistent swollen stembase.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annual tufted herb with pungent odour of curry or fenugreek, long persistent in dried specimens.
    Roots
    Rooting system shallow.
    Culms
    Culms scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves eligulate
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence anthelate
    Spikelets
    Spikelets falling entire, the broadly winged rachilla with distichous persistent glumes, each subtending a flower
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Stamens
    Stamens 2
    Style
    Style 2-branched
    Fruits
    Nutlets ± oblong in outline, compressed laterally.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs
    Culms
    Culm scapose, often thickened at base
    Leaves
    Leaves eligulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a compact single head of 1–few spikes of many spirally arranged densely imbricate spikelets.
    Bracts
    Bracts 1 per spike Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1flowered, consisting of bract.
    Glume
    Glume (this often petal-like and sometimes enveloping the nutlet) sometimes with a small adaxial bristle-like scale, and sometimes a rachilla, and a flower
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3(–5)
    Style
    Style 2–3(–5)-fid
    Fruits
    Nutlet mostly obovoid and trigonous, dorsiventrally compressed, minutely papillose.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials, rhizomatous or stoloniferous
    Culms
    Culms usually scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves basal (except in P mundtii Nees – leaves up the culm), rarely without blade; ligule 0
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts one to several. Leaf-like, sometimes ± bract-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or less often pseudolateral, capitate or anthelate, with primary, and sometimes secondary branches terminating in one or more or digitate clusters of spikelets, sometimes the spikelets more spaced out on an elongated axis
    Spikelets
    Spikelets linear to oblong or ellipsoid to ovate. Laterally flattened; axis persistent.
    Glume
    Glumes few to many, 2-ranked, keel obtuse to mucronate
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3
    Stigma
    Stigma 2-branched (3 in P nigricans).
    Style
    Style continuous with ovary
    Fruits
    Nutlets laterally biconvex, with one margin facing the spikelet axis, sometimes almost rounded.
    Note
    100 species; pantropical.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, often with rhizomes or stolons
    Culms
    Culms scapose to fewnoded, usually triangular
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes reduced to sheaths only; ligule 0
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a single ovoid or globose spike, or a complex head with smaller lateral spikes at base of main spike; these laterals flower and fruit later than the main one
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly ovoid, 1–6-flowered, with 2 sterile basal glumes and several larger fertile glumes.
    Flowers
    Upper flowers sometimes male only.
    Glume
    Glumes in 2 rows, usually ovate and hooded, keel sometimes winged
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3, usually 3
    Style
    Style with 2 branches
    Fruits
    Nutlet oblong or ellipsoid, compressed laterally.
    Note
    Note: Many of the Kew types have been on loan for several years. Despite polite requests for access I was unable to study these types. This, combined with a shortage of time (caused by FTEA completion deadline) have made this treatment less good than I would have wished, as well as incomplete in parts – including a number of indeterminates. Such indets are usually a source of both key improvements and range extensions, and sometimes even of new records or taxa. This is not how I like to work, and I apologize to the users of the treatment and the key! Note: occasionally the spelling Kyllingia is encountered (as in de Jussieu, Nees and Steudel) but the original and correct spelling is without the ‘i’.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Perennial leafy herbs with erect or horizontal woody rhizomes.
    Culms
    Culms scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves eligulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a compact head consisting of several rounded or ovoid spikelets
    Spikelets
    Spikelets may consist of smaller spikelets. Spikelets with few to many spirally arranged scales or glumes, each subtending a sessile flower
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 0
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–2.
    Filaments
    Filaments flattened.
    Anthers
    Anther not crested
    Pistil
    Pistil with style 2 or 3-branched at apex
    Fruits
    Nutlet obovoid, minutely papillose.
    Note
    This genus is close to Isolepis morphologically, but differs inflorescence and glume structure.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Perennial strand plant with long creeping rhizome bearing ± distant erect culms
    Culms
    Culms with many nodes, hidden in leaf sheaths
    Leaves
    Leaves crowded, thick; ligule 0
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence capitate of several congested cymes, subsessile among the leaves
    Spikelets
    Spikelets with distichous glumes, the basal 3 glumes empty, and a pseudoterminal bisexual flower
    Perianth
    Perianth absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 3.
    Anthers
    Anthers distinctly apiculate
    Ovary
    Ovary gradually drawn out into the style which is 3-branched at apex
    Fruits
    Nutlets ellipsoid to linear-oblong, trigonous, smooth, clasped by enlarged corky upper rachilla internode.
    Ecology
    A monotypic genus, widely distributed throughout the tropics on dunes and sea shores.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annuals with curry-like odour, with slender to minute rootsystem
    Culms
    Culms scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves eligulate
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, anthelate, with primary and secondary branches, terminating into 1 to several clusters of spikelets (spikes)
    Spikelets
    Spikelets ovoid. Laterally flattened, 1–10-flowered, disarticulating in one piece above the two basal empty glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent on rachilla, distichous, boat-shaped with winged midrib, mucronate
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Stamens
    Stamens 3
    Stigma
    Stigma 3branched
    Fruits
    Nutlet trigonous, narrowly oblong to linear-lanceolate, minutely papillose.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Culms
    Culm erect, ± cylindrical, scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves basal.
    Leaf sheaths
    Sheath closed, blade flat or inrolled; ligule 0
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal and head-like, with 1–many spikes Spikes with many spikelet bracts set in a dense spiral, each bract subtending a highly reduced 1-flower spikelet with 2 minute scales, an empty prophyll, and a flower-bearing glume
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3
    Style
    Style 2–3-fid
    Fruits
    Nutlet obovoid or ellipsoid, topped by small remnant of style-base

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ireland, Tristan da Cunha, Tuvalu

    Cyperus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9374], Cameroon K000050695
    May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4500], Cameroon K000050696
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3577], Cameroon K000678154
    Dec 1, 2000 Zapfack, L. [831], Cameroon K000678152
    Dec 1, 2000 Asongani, J.N. [1314], Cameroon K000678153
    May 1, 1998 Pollard, B.J. [295], Cameroon K000678155
    Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7351], Cameroon K000212976
    Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7025], Cameroon K000212978
    Mar 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7322], Cameroon K000212977
    Mar 1, 1996 Cable, S. [775], Cameroon K000212979
    Rico, L. [1182], Bolivia K000295024
    Bidgood, S. [5053], Tanzania K000190281
    Bidgood, S. [5282], Tanzania K000190512
    Bidgood, S. [5326], Tanzania K000190556
    Bidgood, S. [5823], Tanzania K000468602
    Bidgood, S. [5783], Tanzania K000468642
    Gerard, P. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119303
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3308], India K001119022
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3308], Myanmar K001119026
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119032
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Nepal K001119033
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119036
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Nepal K001119039
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Myanmar K001119044
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3312], Myanmar K001119047
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3318], Nepal K001119073
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119074
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119081
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3319], Nepal K001119084
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3321], Nepal K001119088
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119091
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3322], Nepal K001119092
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3324], Nepal K001119095
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3324], Myanmar K001119096
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119098
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3326], India K001119103
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3327], India K001119106
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119107
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119108
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3329], Myanmar K001119120
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3334], Nepal K001119136
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3334], India K001119138
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3335], Myanmar K001119139
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3340], India K001119157
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3342], India K001119160
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3342], India K001119161
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3343], India K001119171
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3347], India K001119178
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3348], India K001119179
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3350], Myanmar K001119181
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3351], India K001119187
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3351], Myanmar K001119190
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3352], Nepal K001119196
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3352], Nepal K001119197
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3354], India K001119202
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119205
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Nepal K001119210
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Myanmar K001119211
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3355], Myanmar K001119212
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3357], India K001119215
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3358], India K001119217
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Malaysia K001119221
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Malaysia K001119222
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3359], Myanmar K001119223
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Nepal K001119232
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Myanmar K001119233
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3360], Myanmar K001119234
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3362], Myanmar K001119243
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119252
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], Nepal K001119254
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3363], Myanmar K001119255
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3365], Nepal K001119259
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], India K001119265
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], Malaysia K001119266
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3366], Myanmar K001119267
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3367], Nepal K001119268
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119272
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3369], Myanmar K001119275
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3370], Malaysia K001119279
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3370], Myanmar K001119280
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3371], Singapore K001119282
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3371], Singapore K001119283
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3373], India K001119285
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3373], India K001119286
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119293
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Nepal K001119299
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Nepal K001119300
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119301
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3377], Myanmar K001119302
    Harris, T. [59], Mozambique K000545054
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119071
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119072
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119083 Unknown type material
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119093
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3334], India K001119137
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3351], India K001119189
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3352], India K001119203
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119206
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119253
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3377], India K001119304
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3369], Myanmar K001119274
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119082
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119087
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3345] K001119174
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119188
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119207 Unknown type material
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119230
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3360], India K001119231
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119251
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3365] K001119260
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3368] K001119269
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3372] K001119284
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119021
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119023
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119024
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3308] K001119025
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119027
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119028
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3310] K001119029
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3311] K001119030
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119031
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119034
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3309] K001119035
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119037
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119038
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119040
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119041
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119042
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119043
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119045
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312], India K001119046
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3312] K001119051
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119052
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119053
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119054
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3313] K001119055
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119056
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119057
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314] K001119058
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3314], India K001119059
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119060
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119061
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3315] K001119062
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3316] K001119063
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119064
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119065
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119066
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3317] K001119067
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119068
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119069
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318], India K001119070
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3318] K001119075
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119076
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319] K001119077
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119078
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119079
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3319], India K001119080
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119085
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3320] K001119086
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3322], India K001119089
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3322] K001119090
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3323] K001119094
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119097
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325] K001119099
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3325], India K001119100
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3326] K001119101
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3326] K001119102
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3327] K001119104
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3327] K001119105
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3328], India K001119109
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119110
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119111
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119112
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119113
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119114
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119115
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119116
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119117
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119118
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119119
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119122
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], India K001119123
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329] K001119124
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3329], Bangladesh K001119125
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3330] K001119126
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3330] K001119127
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3331] K001119128
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119129
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119130
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119131
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3332] K001119132
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3333] K001119133
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3334] K001119134
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3334] K001119135
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119140
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119141
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119142
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119143
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119144
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336], India K001119145
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336] K001119146
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3336], India K001119147
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337] K001119148
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337] K001119149
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337], Bangladesh K001119150
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3337], Bangladesh K001119151
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3339] K001119153
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119154
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119155
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3340] K001119156
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3342] K001119158
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3342] K001119159
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119162
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119163
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119164
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119165
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119166
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119167
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343], Sri Lanka K001119168
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343], India K001119169
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3343] K001119170
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3344] K001119172
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3344] K001119173
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3346] K001119175
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3346] K001119176
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3347] K001119177
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3349] K001119180
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119183
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119184
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119185
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119186
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119191
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119192
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3351] K001119193
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3352] K001119194
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3352] K001119195
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3353], India K001119198
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3353] K001119199
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3354] K001119200
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119201
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119204
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355], India K001119208
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119209
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3355] K001119213
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3356] K001119214
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3358] K001119216
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119218
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119219
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359] K001119220
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3359], India K001119224
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119226
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119227
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119228
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119229
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119235
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119236
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119237
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119238
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119239
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119240
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3360] K001119241
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3361], India K001119242
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3362] K001119244
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119245
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119246
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119247
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363] K001119248
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119249
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3363], India K001119250
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3364] K001119256
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3364] K001119257
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3365] K001119258
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119261
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119262
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119263
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3366] K001119264
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119270
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119271
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369] K001119273
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119276
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3369], India K001119277
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3371] K001119281
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3374] K001119287
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3375] K001119288
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3375] K001119289
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119290
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119291
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119292
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119294
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3376], India K001119295
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119296
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119297
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3377] K001119298
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3535] K001119669
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3536], India K001119670
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3536], India K001119671
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3329], Mauritius K001119121
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3338], Mauritius K001119152
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3429], Malaysia Mariscus K001119361
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3430], Myanmar Mariscus K001119362
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3432], India Mariscus K001119365
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], Nepal Mariscus K001119375
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119376
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119377
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3437], Myanmar Mariscus K001119378
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Malaysia Mariscus K001119384
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Myanmar Mariscus K001119385
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3438], Myanmar Mariscus K001119386
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Myanmar Mariscus K001119387
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Malaysia Mariscus K001119388
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3439], Singapore Mariscus K001119389
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3431] Mariscus K001119363
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3432] Mariscus K001119364
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3433] Mariscus K001119366
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3434] Mariscus K001119367
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119368
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119369
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435] Mariscus K001119370
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119371
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119372
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3435], India Mariscus K001119373
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3436] Mariscus K001119374
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437] Mariscus K001119379
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437] Mariscus K001119380
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3437], India Mariscus K001119381
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3438] Mariscus K001119382
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3438], India Mariscus K001119383
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119390
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119391
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439], India Mariscus K001119392
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3439] Mariscus K001119393
    Bidgood, S. [5507], Tanzania Ascolepis K000190737
    Bidgood, S. [5219], Tanzania Pycreus K000190447
    Bidgood, S. [5225], Tanzania Pycreus K000190453
    Bidgood, S. [5033], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190261
    Bidgood, S. [5040], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190268
    Bidgood, S. [5058], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190286
    Bidgood, S. [5059], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190287
    Bidgood, S. [5085], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190313
    Bidgood, S. [5109], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190337
    Bidgood, S. [5140], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190368
    Bidgood, S. [5152], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190380
    Bidgood, S. [5155], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190383
    Bidgood, S. [5177], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190405
    Bidgood, S. [5180], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190408
    Bidgood, S. [5195], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190423
    Bidgood, S. [5198], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190426
    Bidgood, S. [5199], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190427
    Bidgood, S. [5200], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190428
    Bidgood, S. [5284], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190514
    Bidgood, S. [5300], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190530
    Bidgood, S. [5940], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468485
    Bidgood, S. [5930], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468495
    Bidgood, S. [5403], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190633
    Bidgood, S. [5899], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468526
    Bidgood, S. [5849], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468576
    Bidgood, S. [5840], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468585
    Bidgood, S. [5812], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468613
    Bidgood, S. [5784], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468641
    Bidgood, S. [5751], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468673
    Bidgood, S. [5742], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468682
    Bidgood, S. [5741], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468683
    Bidgood, S. [5684], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468740
    Bidgood, S. [5624], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468800
    Bidgood, S. [5431], Tanzania Kyllinga K000190661
    Bidgood, S. [5591], Tanzania Kyllinga K000468833
    Bidgood, S. [5853], Tanzania Lipocarpha K000468572
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3444], Myanmar Lipocarpha K001119416
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3444], Myanmar Lipocarpha K001119417
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3445], Nepal Lipocarpha K001119424
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119425
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119426
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3444] Lipocarpha K001119415
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3444] Lipocarpha K001119418
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119419
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119420
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119421
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445], India Lipocarpha K001119422
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3445] Lipocarpha K001119423

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 44 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

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    • Pimentel, M. M. (2016). The tectonic evolution ofthe Neoproterozoic Brasilia Belt, central Brazil: a geochronological and isotopic approach. Brazil. J. Geol. 46 (Suppl. 1): 67 - 82. doi:10.1590/2317-4889201620150004
    • Tucker, G. C  (2013). Two new Neotropical species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Kew Bull. 68: 850 - 855.
    • Larridon, I. , Huygh, W., Reynders, M., Muasya, A. M., Govaerts, R., Simpson, D. A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011c). Nomenclature and typification of names of genera and subdivisions of genera in Cypereae (Cyperaceae): 2. Names of subdivisions of Cyperus. Taxon 60: 868 - 884.
    • Larridon, I., Reynders, M. , Bauters, K., Vrijdaghs, A., Leroux, O., Muasya, A. M. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011b). Taxonomic changes in C3 Cyperus (Cyperaceae) supported by molecular phylogenetic data, mor­phology, embryography, ontogeny and anatomy. Pl. Ecol. Evol. 144: 327 - 356.
    • Larridon, I., Reynders, M., Huygh, W., Bauters, K., Van de Putte, K., Muasya, A. M., Boeckx, P., Simpson, D. A., Vrijdaghs, A. & Goetghebeur, P. (2011a). Affinities in C3 Cyperus lineages (Cyperaceae) revealed using molecular phylogenetic data and carbon isotope analysis. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167: 19 - 46.
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    • Tucker, G. C (2007). Systematics of Cyperus L. section Diffusi Kunth(Cyperaceae)intheNeotropics.In:L.M. Barbosa, N. A. Dos Santos & Jr. (eds), A Botanica no Brasil: pesquisa, ensino e politicas publicas ambientes, pp. 311 - 314. Sociedade Botanica do Brasil, Sao Paulo.
    • Tucker, G. C , Carter, J. R. & Marcks, B. G. (2002). Cyperus (Cyperaceae — Sedge Family). In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds), Flora of North America 23: 141 - 190. Oxford University Press, New York & Oxford.
    • Tucker, G. C (2001). Cyperus (Cyperaceae). In: W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool, O. M. Montiel, A. L. Arbelaez & D. M. Cutaia (eds), Flora de Nicaragua (Tomo I), Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 740 - 757.
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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Kükenthal in Engl., Pflanzenr., Cyperaceae-Scirpoideae-Cypereae 41–315 (1935–36).
    • F.T.A. 8: 310–377 (1901)
    • Sp. Pl. 44 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Sp. Pl.: 44 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/