1. Family: Erythroxylaceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Erythroxylum P.Browne
      1. Erythroxylum coca Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America.

    [FTEA]

    Erythroxylaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Distribution
    Native of tropical S. America Both are natives of tropical S. America. Figures of these two species may be found in E.P. IV. 134, figs. 17, 18 (1907).
    [FTEA]
    Use
    A source of cocaine, has been grown in Tanzania at Amani as a hedge plant and in the plantations

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Introduced into:

    Cameroon, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kazan-retto, Tanzania

    Erythroxylum coca Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    16006.000
    Peru 44455.000
    Peru 46041.000
    Peru 46076.000
    Peru 46080.000
    Plowman, T. [6060], Peru 44451.000
    Plowman, T. [5830], Peru 44535.000
    Plowman, T. [5833], Peru 46002.000
    Plowman, T. [6042], Peru 46003.000
    Plowman, T. [5827], Peru 46026.000
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [9670], Brazil K001202657
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000700870 paratype

    First published in Encycl. 2: 393 (1786)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Bonilla, A.G. & Fernández-Alonso, J.L. (2010). Plantas de Coca en Colombia. Discusión crítica sobre la taxonomía de las especies cultivadas del género Erythroxylum P. Browne (Erythroxylaceae) Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 34: 455-465.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1984). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Erythroxylaceae: 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1984). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Erythroxylaceae: 1-10.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0