1. Family: Cornaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Cornus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Indo-China, South Sudan to S. Tropical Africa, N. America to Bolivia.

    [FZ]

    Cornaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Trees with opposite, simple, entire, petiolate leaves.
    Flowers
    Flowers tetramerous, dioecious.male flowers arranged in cymules forming dense terminal clusters; female flowers in terminal umbels.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences at first enclosed within 4 deciduous herbaceous bracts which provide protection for the developing flowers.
    Corolla
    Petals valvate.
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular with 1 ovule in each locule.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous with the shrivelled remains of the calyx and style at the apex.
    [FTEA]

    Cornaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    Trees with opposite petiolate entire leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers tetramerous, dioecious; ♂ flowers in cymules which are arranged subumbellately in a dense terminal inflorescence; ♀ flowers in terminal umbels; both types of inflorescence have an involucre of four subherbaceous bracts which entirely include the very young inflorescence forming an apiculate bud
    Inflorescences
    Peduncles thickened at the apex
    Corolla
    Petals valvate
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-locular
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe crowned by the remains of calyx and style; stone 2-celled.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Cornus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    54568.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 118 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0