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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Indo-China, South Sudan to S. Tropical Africa, N. America to Bolivia.
Cornus excelsa

[FZ]

Cornaceae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Trees with opposite, simple, entire, petiolate leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers tetramerous, dioecious.male flowers arranged in cymules forming dense terminal clusters; female flowers in terminal umbels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences at first enclosed within 4 deciduous herbaceous bracts which provide protection for the developing flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals valvate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular with 1 ovule in each locule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous with the shrivelled remains of the calyx and style at the apex.

[FTEA]

Cornaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Trees with opposite petiolate entire leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers tetramerous, dioecious; ♂ flowers in cymules which are arranged subumbellately in a dense terminal inflorescence; ♀ flowers in terminal umbels; both types of inflorescence have an involucre of four subherbaceous bracts which entirely include the very young inflorescence forming an apiculate bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles thickened at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe crowned by the remains of calyx and style; stone 2-celled.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

Cornus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
54568.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 118 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0