1. Family: Verbenaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Duranta L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

    Stamens
    Stamens 4, usually also a staminode, slightly didynamous, inserted at or above the middle of corolla tube, included; filaments subulate; anthers sagittate, dorsifixed, erect
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, 4-carpellate with carpels 2-locular, each locule with a single erect anatropous ovule; style equalling or shorter than the corolla tube; stigma subcapitate, unequally 4-lobed
    Seeds
    Seeds erect, without albumen. Seeds erect, without albumen.
    Distribution
    A subtropical American genus of about 35 species.  One species is widely cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics and now often naturalized.
    Habit
    Shrubs or trees, erect or subscandent, unarmed or spinose; stem branched, woody. Shrubs or trees, erect or subscandent, unarmed or spinose; stem branched, woody
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, opposite or verticillate, deciduous, petiolate. Leaves simple, opposite or verticillate, deciduous, petiolate
    Flowers
    Flowers few to many, pedicellate, in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles; bracts small. Flowers few to many, pedicellate, in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles; bracts small
    Calyx
    Calyx cylindric-tubular or subcampanulate, 5-ribbed, 5-dentate, persistent, accrescent in fruit. Calyx cylindric.tubular or subcampanulate, 5-ribbed, 5-dentate, persistent, accrescent in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular, hypocrateriform; tube straight or curved; limb 2-lipped with 5 unequal lobes. Corolla tubular, hypocrateriform; tube straight or curved; limb 2-lipped with 5 unequal lobes
    Androecium
    Stamens 4, usually also a staminode, slightly didynamous, inserted at or above the middle of corolla tube, included; filaments subulate; anthers sagittate, dorsifixed, erect.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, 4-carpellate with carpels 2-locular, each locule with a single erect anatropous ovule; style equalling or shorter than the corolla tube; stigma subcapitate, unequally 4-lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit fleshy, drupaceous with four 2-seeded [a7]  pyrenes, enclosed within the accrescent calyx. Fruit fleshy, drupaceous with four 2-seeded   pyrenes, enclosed within the accrescent calyx
    [FTEA]

    Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

    Habit
    Erect, trailing or subscandent unarmed or spiny shrubs or small trees
    Leaves
    Leaves small, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire to serrate
    Flowers
    Flowers few to many in terminal and axillary racemes or panicles; bracts small
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-toothed, persistent
    Corolla
    Corolla irregular with straight or curved tube; limb 2-lipped, with 5 unequal lobes
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5, slightly didynamous, inserted above the middle of the tube, included; in the case of 4 stamens a small staminode is sometimes present also
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, 8–10-locular, each locule with a single erect anatropous ovule; style equalling or shorter than the corolla-tube; stigma oblique, ± capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit fleshy, with 4–5 2-seeded pyrenes, tightly enclosed by the persistent calyx
    Seeds
    Seeds erect, without albumen; testa membranous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Borneo, Cambodia, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Norfolk Is., Society Is., St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Duranta L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Atkins in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 467 (2004).
    • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 467 (2004).
    • J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 16 : 1–16 (1995).
    • Munir in J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 16: 1–16 (1995).
    • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 48 (1992).
    • Verdcourt in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 48 (1992).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 284 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 284 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 637 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0