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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Centotheca Desv.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Pacific.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (1), or perennial (2). Culms erect (1/1); 30-65-100 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades linear (1), or lanceolate. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (1/2), or linear (1/2).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (1), or 2-3 fertile florets (2); with a barren rhachilla extension (2), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed, or subterete; 3.32-5.686-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (1), or 2-3 fertile florets (2); with a barren rhachilla extension (2), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed, or subterete; 3.32-5.686-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.75-0.7667-0.8 length of upper glume; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2); muticous (2), or mucronate (1). Upper glume oblong; 0.9-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (2); muticous (2), or mucronate (1).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; herbaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous (2), or hispid (1); with reflexed hairs (1/1). Lemma apex emarginate; mucronate. Palea 0.5 length of lemma; 2 -veined (1/1). Apical sterile florets 1 in number (1/1); barren (1/1); ovate (1/1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 2.
    Distribution
    Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia, or Australasia (2), or Pacific (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Philippines, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zaïre

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Centotheca Desv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8900], Nepal K001131803
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8900] K001131804

    Bibliography

    First published in Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 189 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Nouv. Bull. Soc. Philom. 2: 189 (1810).

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0