1. Family: Cymodoceaceae Vines
    1. Cymodocea K.D.Koenig

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Coasts of Tropical & Subtropical Old World to W. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Cymodoceaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Submerse aquatic herbs
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome creeping, monopodial, with many vascular bundles; each node with 1– 5 branched roots and a short erect stem bearing 2– 7 leaves; scales ovate, scarious
    Leaves
    Leaves with the sheath compressed, bi-auriculate, ligulate, persisting longer than the blade, leaving a scar when shed and giving the stem an annular appearance; blade linear, margins entire but for the distal part which becomes serrulate or spinulose, apex ± toothed; nerves 7– 17, with perpendicular cross-veins
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary and terminal, enclosed in a leaf similar to others, a bud in the axil of the penultimate leaf lengthening to give rise to a sympodium Staminate flowers stalked, of 2 dorsally connate anthers, attached at the same height, each crowned by subulate tip Pistillate flowers sessile or shortly stalked, of 2 free ovaries each with a short style, distally bifid
    Male
    Staminate flowers stalked, of 2 dorsally connate anthers, attached at the same height, each crowned by subulate tip
    Female
    Pistillate flowers sessile or shortly stalked, of 2 free ovaries each with a short style, distally bifid
    Fruits
    Fruit with stony pericarp, laterally compressed, semi-circular to elliptic in outline, with dorsal ridges and a beak.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Baleares, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, France, Gambia, Greece, Hainan, India, Italy, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Spain, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Cymodocea K.D.Koenig appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 2: 96 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Graebner in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 11: 146 (1907).
    • F.T.A. 8: 228
    • in Konig & Sims, Ann. Bot. 2: 96 (1805)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hartog, Sea-grasses of the World: 160 (1970)
    • Endl., Gen. Pl. 3: 230 (1837)
    • in Ann. Bot. 2: 96 (1805)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0