1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Echinaria Desf.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Central Asia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms 4-30 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle capitate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 2-keeled; 2 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex obtuse; mucronate. Upper glume elliptic; 1-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex emarginate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex dentate; 5-7 -fid; awned; 5-7 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; pungent. Lateral lemma awns shorter than principal. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Palea apex awned. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; laterally compressed. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe, or Africa, or Temperate Asia.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

    Echinaria Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Atlant. 2: 385 (1799)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0