1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Fimbristylis Vahl

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs
    Culms
    Culms scapose or subscapose
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes reduced to a sheath only; ligule sometimes a fringe of hairs
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually compound of many spikelets, less often reduced to a single spikelet
    Spikelets
    Spikelets with spirally arranged or less often distichous glumes, the lower 1–2 usually empty, the next bisexual and the uppermost male or sterile
    Perianth
    Perianth segments absent
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3
    Fruits
    Nutlets smooth, tuberculate or longitudinally ribbed, not transversely wrinkled. Fruit trigonous when style is 3-fid, and lenticular when 2-fid
    Style
    Stylebase widened, falling with rest of style Styles 2–3-fid, often flattened with fimbriate margins when 2-fid, the base distinct and thickened
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Annuals or perennials
    Culms
    Culms scapose
    Leaves
    Leaves eligulate, sometimes reduced to sheaths.
    Leaf sheaths
    Sheath margins glabrous or spiny
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leafy or glume-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a head of congested spikelets or reduced to 1–2 terminal spikelets
    Spikelets
    Spikelets with glumes spirally arranged above but lower ones distichous, glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 1–3.
    Fruits
    Nutlets obovoid, obconical or obpyriform, obtusely or sharply 3-angled, smooth or tuberculate.
    Style
    Style base falling with style Style with (2–)3 stigmas, the style base distinct, thickened
    Note
    A pantropical genus with about 15 species. In Haynes & Lye, Sedges & Rushes of East Africa, the treatment is unorthodox and contrary to the code. Lye treats Bulbostylis as a subgenus of Abildgaardia. Each species is given a choice of two alternative names since Haines considered Bulbostylis should be kept as a genus. One name for each species is put in synonymy. Later in Fl. Eth. Lye keeps Abildgaardia and Bulbostylis separate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Fimbristylis Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hedberg, O. [93110], Cameroon K000087437
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3499], Myanmar K001119564
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3499], Nepal K001119565
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3500], Nepal K001119571
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3500], Myanmar K001119572
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3500], Myanmar K001119573
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3502], Myanmar K001119578
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3503], Nepal K001119581
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3503], India K001119582
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3504], India K001119587
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3509], India K001119605
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3511], India K001119611
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3511], Nepal K001119612
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3512], India K001119616
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3513], Myanmar K001119617
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3514], Nepal K001119620
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3514], India K001119622
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3514], India K001119623
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3515], Myanmar K001119624
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3515], India K001119625
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3516], Nepal K001119626
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3516], India K001119627
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3517], Myanmar K001119631
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3517], Myanmar K001119632
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3518], Malaysia K001119634
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3519], Nepal K001119635
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3519], Nepal K001119636
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3520], Nepal K001119640
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3520], Myanmar K001119641
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3525], Nepal K001119656
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3525], Nepal K001119657
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3525], Myanmar K001119659
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3526] K001119660
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3527], Myanmar K001119661
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3528], Myanmar K001119662
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3529], Myanmar K001119663
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3530], Nepal K001119664
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3514], India K001119621
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3502], Myanmar K001119579
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3502], Myanmar K001119580
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 3517], Myanmar K001119633
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119570
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3503] K001119583
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3503] K001119584
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3507] K001119597
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3523] K001119647
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3525] K001119658
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132702
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Meghalaya K001132701
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3498] K001119561
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3499] K001119562
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3499] K001119563
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119566
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119567
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119568
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500], Bangladesh K001119569
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119574
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119575
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3500] K001119576
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3501] K001119577
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3504], India K001119585
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3504] K001119586
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3505], India K001119588
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3506] K001119589
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3506] K001119590
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3506] K001119591
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3506] K001119592
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3506] K001119593
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3506] K001119594
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3507] K001119596
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3508], India K001119598
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3509] K001119599
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3509] K001119600
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3509] K001119601
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3509] K001119602
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3509] K001119603
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3509] K001119604
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3510], India K001119606 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3510] K001119607
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3511] K001119608
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3511], India K001119609
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3511] K001119610
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3512] K001119613
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3512] K001119614
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3512] K001119615
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3514] K001119618
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3514], India K001119619
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3517] K001119628
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3517], India K001119629
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3517], India K001119630
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3520] K001119637
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3520], India K001119638
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3520] K001119639
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3521] K001119642
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3521] K001119643
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3521] K001119644
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3522] K001119645
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3522] K001119646
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3524] K001119648
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525] K001119649
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525] K001119650
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525] K001119651
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525] K001119652
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525] K001119653
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525], India K001119654
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3525], India K001119655
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 3507], Mauritius K001119595
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3491], India Abildgaardia K001119550
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3491], India Abildgaardia K001119551
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3491], Myanmar Abildgaardia K001119552
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3466], Myanmar Abildgaardia K001129352
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3491] Abildgaardia K001119544
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3491], India Abildgaardia K001119545
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3491] Abildgaardia K001119546
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3491] Abildgaardia K001119547
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3491] Abildgaardia K001119548
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3491] Abildgaardia K001119549

    First published in Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 285 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 8: 411 (1902).
    • Enum. 2: 285 (1806)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Enum. Pl. 2: 285 (1805)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0