1. Family: Asphodelaceae Juss.
    1. Kniphofia Moench

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, Eritrea to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, solitary or caespitose, mostly acaulescent.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome horizontal, with erect slender or corm-like branches; the nodes distant in solitary plants and closely spaced in caespitose (clump-forming) plants.
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate to subdistichous, linear, usually keeled; margins entire or serrulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a dense or lax subspicate raceme of usually numerous flowers on a simple (rarely branched), erect, leafless, stout or somewhat slender, terminal peduncle (scape); peduncle occasionally with 1–3 sterile bracts below the inflorescence; racemes usually bicolorous and ± strongly red at the apex, grading through various shades of red to yellow or yellow-green or white beneath, or sometimes the racemes concolorous and ± uniformly red or greenish-yellow; bracts persistent, scarious, longer than the pedicels; pedicels short or almost absent, lengthening in fruit, articulated at the apex; flowers patent or pendulous, usually with a red pigment conspicuous in the buds, young flowers and flower-tips, this pigment usually ± quickly fading in the maturing flowers.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments ± fused; tube campanulate to cylindrical or somewhat funnel-shaped; lobes unequal.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, as long as or longer than the perianth at anthesis, the 3 inner stamens longer than the outer.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, ovoid, 3-locular; ovules many in each locule; style filiform, ± equalling the stamens at anthesis, usually becoming exserted; stigma minute, capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose to ovoid, triquetrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, somewhat flattened, acutely 3-angled or winged.
    [FTEA]

    Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, caespitose or solitary from a thick simple or branched rhizome, rarely with a stem
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate or rarely distichous, linear, tapering gradually to the apex, usually keeled beneath and channeled above; margin smooth to serrulate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a dense or lax subspicate raceme on a stout erect simple (rarely abnormally branched) terminal peduncle; bracts scarious, persistent; pedicels usually shorter than the bracts or almost absent, articulated at the apex; flowers spreading or pendulous, white, yellow, brownish or various shades of red, often redder towards the apex of the inflorescence so giving a bicolourous appearance tothe whole
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube campanulate to cylindrical; lobes 6, short, subequal
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, usually as long as or longer than the perianth, the 3 opposite the inner segments longer than the others
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, ovoid, with many ovules per locule; style subequal to the stamens and usually exserted; stigma minute, capitate
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose to triquetrous
    Seeds
    Seeds somewhat flattened, acutely 3-angled or winged; endosperm fleshy.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, California, Ecuador, Great Britain, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Oregon, Spain, St.Helena, Turkey, Washington

    Kniphofia Moench appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillett, J.B. [14961], Ethiopia 25026.000
    Gillett, J.B. [14961], Ethiopia 5470.000
    Stanfield 32074.000
    Richards, H. [5175], Zambia 15198.000
    Scott, H., Ethiopia 4474.000
    Erskine, Ethiopia 16723.000

    First published in Methodus: 631 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Whitehouse, C. (2016). Kniphofia; The complete guide: 1-440. Royal Horticultural Society.
    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 450.
    • Meth. 631 (1794)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Marais in Kew Bull. 28: 465–483 (1974).
    • Codd in Bothalia 9: 363 (1968).
    • Berger in Engler, Pflanzenr. IV, fam. No. 38, III, II (Heft 33): 31 (1908).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 450 (1898).
    • in F.C. 6: 275 (1896)
    • J.G. Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 360 (1871)
    • Meth. Pl.: 631 (1794), nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Marais in K.B. 28: 465–483 (1973), non Scop., nom. conserv .
    • Codd in Bothalia 9: 363–513 (1968)
    • A. Berger in E.P. IV, 38: 31 (1908)
    • Meth.: 631 (1794)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0