1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Sansevieria Thunb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula, India to Thailand, Sri Lanka, Jawa (Madura).

    [FTEA]

    Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Note
    {i}Sansevieria {/i}has been variously spelled as {i}Sanseviera{/i}, {i}Sanseverinia {/i}or {i}Sanseverina {/i}in early publications, but the name {i}Sansevieria {/i}was conserved in 1904 by Harms (Marais, 1973).
    Habit
    Acaulescent to shrubby, evergreen, fleshy, very drought-hardy perennials; strongly rhizomatous and forming colonies; glabrous in all parts
    Stem
    Stem absent or present and to 1.5 m high; rhizomes subterranean, on surface or aerial, terete, thick, fibrous, articulated, bearing strongly clasping catapylls
    Roots
    Roots sometimes produced from undersurface of aerial shoots
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, rosulate, distichous or spiral, one to many, flat, crescentic to cylindrical, most with a groove on adaxial side; concolorous or with irregular transverse colour bands; lamina edge fibrous, variously coloured; apex subulate, horny, sharp or with a fragile spine; juvenile leaves flat or crescentic (even for cylindrical-leafed species), thin to thick, succulent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a spikelike raceme, a panicle or corymbose-capitate, usually terminal, but a few lateral
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–2 or more per cluster, subsessile, in irregular clusters along the scape, opening haphazardly above and below, opening towards evening and for one night only, scented; with one or two major membraneous or thin scaly bract(s) subtending each cluster, one per flower
    Perianth
    Perianth greenish white to pinkish green; tube cylindric, glabrous; segments 6, subequal, spreading, linear; stamens 6, inserted at the base of the perianth-lobes; filaments filiform, usually longer than the lobes; anthers versatile, linear-oblong, dorsifixed, dehiscing longitudinally; ovary superior, free, globose, 3celled; ovules erect, solitary in each of the three chambers; style long, filiform; stigma capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit a berry, membranous, soon bursting; seeds 1–3, globose; testa lax, fleshy; embryo straight, placed near the base of the albumen.
    Distribution
    A genus of about 50 species from Africa, Madagascar and Arabia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Ascension, Bahamas, Bermuda, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wake I., Windward Is.

    Sansevieria Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    37982.000
    Deighton, F.C. [5720], Ghana 34695.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [162], Ghana 22190.000
    Tanner, R. [1108], Tanzania 19027.000
    Pecke, E.F. [8207], Somalia 18171.000
    Codd, L.E. [5557], South Africa 19031.000
    Bally [14542], Tanzania 44061.000
    Timberlake, J. [5337], Malawi K000614682

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 65 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Baldwin, A.S. & Webb, R.H. (2016). The genus Sansevieria: an introduction to Molecular (DNA) analysis and preliminary insights to intrageneric relationships Sansevieria 34: 14-26.
    • Jankalski, S. (2008). Subgenera and new combinations in Dracaena Sansevieria 18: 17-21.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • N. E. Br. in Kew Bull. 1915: 185. Nom. cons.
    • F.T.A. 7: 332
    • Prod. Pl. Cap. 65 (1794)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Newton in Eggli, Illustr. Handbook Succulent Pl.: Monocot.: 261–272 (2001)
    • N.E.Brown in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1915: 185–260 (1915)
    • Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. 5 (29): 65 (1794), nom. cons.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0