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  1. Family: Santalaceae R.Br.
    1. Arceuthobium M.Bieb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. & Central America, Caribbean, Medit. to E. Tropical Africa, Himalaya to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [FTEA]

    Viscaceae, R. M. Polhill and D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Herbs or shrubs from 0.5 cm. to ± 70 cm. high, parasitic on coniferous trees of the Pinaceae or Cupressaceae; plants glabrous, variously coloured from greenish yellow to orange, reddish or black, dioecious; stems with a central xylem cylinder; internodes angled, at least when young
    Scale leaves
    Leaves reduced to minute, opposite, connate scales
    Flowers
    Flowers generally decussate or rarely whorled on young shoots, 2–4 mm. in diameter Pistillate flowers manifestly epigynous; tepals 2, persistent, adnate to ovary Staminate flowers with a central nectary; tepals (2–)3–4(–7), bearing a sessile, uniloculate circular anther on each tepal
    Male
    Staminate flowers with a central nectary; tepals (2–)3–4(–7), bearing a sessile, uniloculate circular anther on each tepal
    Female
    Pistillate flowers manifestly epigynous; tepals 2, persistent, adnate to ovary
    Fruits
    Fruit an elongate berry, 1- seeded, mucilaginous, bicoloured (separated by the equatorial line), explosive at maturity
    Seeds
    Seeds usually 1–5 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate, containing a single cylindrical embryo, or sometimes polyembryonic, and with copious endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Arizona, Azores, Belize, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, China South-Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Maine, Manitoba, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Morocco, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Texas, Tibet, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Arceuthobium M.Bieb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Taur.-Caucas., Suppl.: 629 (1819)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 276 (1998), nom. conserv.
    • Hawksw. & Wiens, Dwarf Mistletoes, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 709: 1–410 (1996)
    • in Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 629 (1819)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0