1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Berchemia Neck. ex DC.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Tropical & S. Africa to E. Asia, E. Central & SE. U.S.A. to Guatemala.

    [FZ]

    Rhamnaceae, R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate or opposite or subopposite, petiolate; lamina entire, penninerved.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes axillary (or terminal).
    Stipules
    Stipules small, not spinescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, pedicellate.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle flattish.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, unguiculate, cucullate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, inserted under the edge of the disk.
    Disc
    Disk cupular or swollen and enveloping the ovary.
    Ovary
    Ovary free or immersed in the disk, 2-locular; ovules 1 in each loculus.
    Style
    Style 2-fid or notched.
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe with fleshy exocarp and woody endocarp.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.
    [FTEA]

    Rhamnaceae, Marshall C. Johnston (University of Texas Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1972

    Habit
    Unarmed trees or shrubs (or scandent shrubs or lianes or twining vines but not in Africa)
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite (or alternate but not in Africa), petiolate; blades entire, penninerved, the secondary nerves oftendescribing numerous close parallel arcs
    Stipules
    Stipules present, intra-axillary (or free but not in Africa)
    Inflorescences
    Cymes often reduced to axillary fascicles (or in most species, but not the African ones, aggregated into raceme-like thyrses and the thyrses in turn aggregated into pyramidal panicles)
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, 5-merous
    Pistil
    Ovary superior though in some species closely invested by the disk, 2-celled; style short and usually quickly deciduous after anthesis
    Fruits
    Drupe elongate, usually 2–3 times as long as thick, with a single elongate 2-celled, usually 2-seeded, stone.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Hainan, Illinois, India, Japan, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Maryland, Mexico Southeast, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Berchemia Neck. ex DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Prodr. 2: 22 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Prodr. 2: 22 (1825) nom. conserv. propos.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Prodr. 2: 22 (1825), nom. conserv. propos.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0