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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Berkheya purpurea


Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby or herbaceous, often thistle-like, perennial
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, sometimes decurrent and stems winged, occasionally forming a pseudo-rosette, margins of wings and leaves spiny
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence solitary, racemose or subcorymbose; capitula eradiate or more usually radiate, showy; phyllaries multiseriate, usually spreading, the middle usually the longest, connate at base, ± stiff and variably spiny, spinescent, occasionally unarmed and spinescent; receptacle flat or shallowly domed, pitted, pits with scarious entire, dentate or erose walls sometimes produced into spines or scales
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets sterile or absent, when present in 1 series, spreading, yellow rarely white, entire with 5–10 veins and up to 5 teeth, ray narrowing into tube in lower part; staminodes usually present; disc florets bisexual, fertile, regular, tubular, enlarged above, normally 5-partite; anthers united, bases sagittate with obtuse to acuminate tails or auricled; styles forked (undivided in sterile florets) with narrow branches rounded at apex; all florets variably hyaline-multicellular-hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes set in pits, obovoid or more often turbinate, clearly or indistinctly ribbed, glabrous to long silky-hairy; pappus persistent, (exserted from pits), forming a usually sub-biseriate, rarely uni- or multi-seriate corona to the achene; pappus scales briefly connate at base, scarious, glabrous to hairy often dentate or erose.


Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs sometimes suffrutescent with annual stems from woody rootstocks, or subshrubs.
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum felted-tomentose on leaf under surfaces, araneose-tomentose elsewhere, consisting of many-celled uniseriate soft hairs with extremely long filiform white apical cells, their bases tending to become rigid and persistent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, sometimes crowded on the lower stem, ± spiny, subentire to dentate, pinnatifid or pinnatisect with spinescent teeth, sometimes decurrent on the stem as spiny wings.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula heterogamous and radiate or homogamous and discoid, solitary or subcorymbosely arranged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Phyllaries
Phyllaries several-seriate, connate at the base, always spiny with spines sometimes slender and bristle-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle with deep alveolae which totally enclose the achenes leaving only the pappus exserted; the alveolae margins entire or irregularly toothed or setose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray-florets uniseriate, neuter, corollas yellow sometimes white, always with staminodes, achenes wanting. Disk-florets hermaphrodite numerous; corollas yellow, infundibuliform, deeply 5-lobed; anther bases sagittate; style branches linear; achenes ± turbinate, ribbed, villous pubescent or glabrous; pappus ± 2-seriate, of numerous short or long scales, sometimes partly connate.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Great Britain, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Berkheya Ehrh. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Carvalho, A.M. [2332], Rio de Janeiro Apuleja K000835072
Sello [s.n.], Brazil Apuleja K000835074
Prance, G.T. [7776], Acre Apuleja K000835047
Santos, F.S. [493], Bahia Apuleja K000835078
Heringer, E.P. [1184], Brazil Apuleja K000835065
Hatschbach, G. [59234], Paraná Apuleja K000835079
Sello [s.n.], Brazil Apuleja K000835075
Glaziou [1568], Rio de Janeiro Apuleja K000835076
Laurênio, A. [365], Pernambuco Apuleja K000835055

First published in Neues Mag. Aerzte 6: 303 (1784)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 428. Nom. cons.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Beitr. 3: 137 (1788), nom. conserv.
  • Roessler in Mitt. Bot. Staatss. Münch. 3: 104 (1959)
  • in Kirkia 10: 74–86 (1975).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beitr. 3: 137 (1788)
  • Roessler in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 3: 104 (1959), nom. conserv .

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
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© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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