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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Palaeotrop.
Brucea javanica

[FTEA]

Simaroubaceae, Brian Stannard. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small trees, often unbranched or few branched; at least younger parts ± ferruginous pubescent or tomentose
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often ± crowded towards ends of branches, alternate, usually imparipinnate; petiolar base and rachis joints often constricted (in dried specimens); leaflets 5–13, opposite or subopposite, sessile (usually more so towards the leaf-apex) to shortly petiolulate, entire or toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, spiciform or in spiciform panicles, polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually in distant glomerules, unisexual or bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, united towards the base, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, free, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5, inserted beneath and between the lobes of the disc, free, unappendaged, reduced in female flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc fleshy, (3–)4(–5)-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Gynoecium of 4–5 carpels, free or joined only at base, each containing 1 pendulous ovule, absent or vestigial in male flowers; styles 4–5, free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of drupaceous mericarps developing from 1–4 carpels of each flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1 per mericarp.

[FZ]

Simaroubaceae, H. Wild & J. B. Phipps. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, ± velvety-ferruginous-pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes ± crowded at the ends of the branches but often not crowded, usually imparipinnate; leaflets opposite, entire or toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, of spiciform panicles, andromonoecious (? or polygamous), male inflorescence larger than the female.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very small, usually in glomerules ± distantly arranged on the branches of the inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx of (3) 4 (5) imbricate almost free lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (3) 4 (5), longer than the calyx-lobes, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (3) 4 (5), alternating with the petals, smaller in female flowers, inserted beneath and between the lobes of the disk, filaments free, unappendaged, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk ± fleshy, (3) 4 (S)-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Gynoecium of 4 free carpels, or carpels joined only at the base, absent or vestigial in male flowers; carpels 1-ovulate, ovule pendulous; styles (3) 4 (5), free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 1–4 drupaceous mericarps.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Fiji, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan

Brucea J.F.Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132716
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7499], Nepal K001127411

First published in Icon.: 25 (1779)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Engl. in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 19A: 386 (1931).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 309

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Icon.: t. 25 (1779).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in E. & P.Pf., ed. 2, 19a: 386 (1931), nom. conserv.
  • G.P. 1: 311 (1862)
  • Ic. Anim. Pl., t. 25 (1779)
  • Oliv. in F.T.A. 1: 309 (1868)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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