1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Cephalaria Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Central Asia and NE. Tropical to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. & J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or sub–shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves very variable, most species heterophyllous, entire or toothed or pinnatifid.
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts scarious or pubescent, usually obtuse, oblanceolate, ovate or lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Receptacular bracts obtuse, acuminate, often cuspidate or pungent with a hard tip, scarious, pubescent or hairy. Inflorescence of terminal, globose or ± cylindrical capitula with (1)2 or more rows of bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–partite, with a 4 angled, furrowed involucel, crowned with 4 angular hairy teeth, or with a membranous ± glabrous corona, entire, crenate or with 4 ± obtuse teeth.
    Calyx
    Calyx small, cupiliform ± lobed, glabrous or pilose.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream or yellowish, or mauve, of 4 lobes, those of the outer flowers often longer and more irregular than the inner.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, style entire, filiform.
    [FTEA]

    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Perennial or annual herbs or subshrubs (not in Africa)
    Leaves
    Leaves very variable, most species heterophyllous
    Bracts
    Receptacle bracts present, scarious, longer than those of the involucre, obtuse, acute or acuminate and frequently with a pungent tip
    Inflorescences
    Involucel usually smooth when immature becoming 8-furrowed in fruit, glabrous or pilose, with a small 4–8-toothed or -lobed limb, more rarely the limb entire or crenate Inflorescence terminal Heads involucrate with short obtuse oblanceolate to ovate scarious bracts in one or two rows
    Calyx
    Calyx small, spreading, 4-many-lobed, pilose or villous
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate, 4-fid, unequally lobed, larger in the marginal than in the inner flowers
    Stamens
    Stamens 4
    Style
    Style filiform with an entire oblique stigma.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, France, Free State, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Czechoslovakia

    Cephalaria Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 3: 1 (1818)

    Accepted by

    • Göktürk, R.S. & Sümbül, H. (2014). A taxonomic revision of the genus Cephalaria (Caprifoliaceae) in Turkey Turkish Journal of Botany 38: 927-968.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Szabo in Mat. Term. Kozlem. 38, 4 1–248 (1940) mm. conserv.
    • Syst. Veg. 3: 1,43 (1818).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Szabó in Mat. Term. Kozlem. 38, 4: 1–248 (1940), nom. conserv.
    • Mant.: 2 (1827)
    • Syst. Veg. 3: 1 (1818)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0