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  1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Chrozophora Neck. ex A.Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. & E. Europe, Medit to Himalaya, Africa.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious, annual or perennial herbs or shrubs.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum stellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, subentire, dentate or sublobate, penni- or palminerved, often plicate or bullate when young, 2-glandular at the base of the lamina.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences pseudo-axillary, lateral or leaf-opposed, racemose or subpaniculate, male above, female below; bracts 1-flowered; female flowers on 1 or more 1–4-flowered peduncles.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: pedicels short; calyx closed in bud, later splitting into 5 valvate lobes; petals 5, distally imbricate, lightly coherent; disk 5-lobed, the lobes alternating with the petals; stamens 3–15, filaments connate into a column, 1–3-seriate, anthers oblong, erect, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: pedicels long, often further elongating and reflexing in fruit; sepals 5, open in bud; petals 5, smaller than in the male or 0; disk more or less as in the male; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 3, connate at the base, bifid, more or less erect.
    Fruits
    Fruits 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci, leaving a columella; endocarp thinly woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid or subglobose, tuberculate or smooth, enveloped in a thin aril, ecarunculate; albumen thick, fleshy; cotyledons broad and flat.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious annual or perennial herbs or shrubs with a stellate indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, subentire, repand-dentate or sublobate, penni-, subtripli- or palminerved, often plicate or sometimes bullate at least when young, biglandular at the base of the lamina
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences pseudaxillary, lateral or leaf-opposed, racemose or subpaniculate, proximally ♀, distally ♂
    Flowers
    Male flowers 1 per bract; pedicels short; calyx closed in bud, splitting into 5 valvate lobes; petals 5, distally imbricate and lightly coherent; disc 5-lobed, the lobes alternating with the petals; stamens 3–15, filaments connate, forming a central column, 1–3-seriate, anthers oblong, erect, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 Female flowers borne on 1–4-flowered peduncles or partial inflorescences; pedicels long, usually elongating further and reflexing in the fruiting stage; sepals 5, open in bud; petals 5, smaller than in the ♂ flowers, or 0; disc ± as in the ♂ flowers; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, connate at the base, bifid, ± erect
    Male
    Male flowers 1 per bract; pedicels short; calyx closed in bud, splitting into 5 valvate lobes; petals 5, distally imbricate and lightly coherent; disc 5-lobed, the lobes alternating with the petals; stamens 3–15, filaments connate, forming a central column, 1–3-seriate, anthers oblong, erect, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers borne on 1–4-flowered peduncles or partial inflorescences; pedicels long, usually elongating further and reflexing in the fruiting stage; sepals 5, open in bud; petals 5, smaller than in the ♂ flowers, or 0; disc ± as in the ♂ flowers; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, connate at the base, bifid, ± erect
    Fruits
    Fruit loculicidally dehiscent, leaving a columella; endocarp thinly woody
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid or subglobose, usually smooth, enveloped in a thin, pale, shiny aril; albumen thick, fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Comoros

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, India, Iran, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Chrozophora Neck. ex A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Euphorb. Gen.: 27 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 834
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 6: 17 (1912).

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Euphorb. Gen.: 27 (1824) (as “Crozophora”), nom. conserv.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • in K.B. 1918: 49–120 (1918)
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(6): 17 (1912)
    • Prain in F.T.A. 6(1): 834 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 305 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 746 (1866)
    • Euphorb. Gen. Tent.: 27 (1824), as ‘Crozophora’, nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0