1. Family: Menispermaceae Juss.
    1. Cocculus DC.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Prostrate or erect climbers or suffrutices; branchlets rambling, or reduced to cladodes.3 Leaves simple, various in form, entire or lobed.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences similar to the male or more simple or reduced to solitary or clustered flowers. Male inflorescences of cymules which are either axillary and clustered 1–3-together, or solitary and arising from leafless branches, or grouped in ± condensed clusters on the cladodes;3 pedicels present or absent.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the male; base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes 6, linear-filiform or absent; carpels 3–6, subovoid and compressed, with cylindric style and recurved-spathulate stigma. Male flowers with 6 sepals, the 3 outer ones reduced, the 3 inner concave; petals 6, furnished at base with more or less fleshy inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments, often bifid or deeply emarginate at the apex; stamens 6–9, free; anther-thecae with transverse dehiscence.
    Fruits
    Drupes obovoid or flattened and rounded; the remains of the style visible near the base.
    Seeds
    Seeds with scanty endosperm.
    [FTEA]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Prostrate or erect lianes or suffrutices; branchlets rambling, or reduced to cladodes
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, various in form, entire or lobed
    Male
    Male inflorescences of cymules which are either axillary and clustered 1–3 together or solitary and arising from leafless branches, or grouped in ± condensed clusters on the cladodes; pedicels present or absent Male flowers with 6 sepals, the 3 outer ones reduced, the 3 inner concave; petals 6, furnished at base with ± fleshy inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments, often bifid or deeply emarginate at apex; stamens 6–9, free; anther-thecae with transverse dehiscence
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences similar to the ♂ or more simple or reduced to solitary or clustered flowers Male inflorescences of cymules which are either axillary and clustered 1–3 together or solitary and arising from leafless branches, or grouped in ± condensed clusters on the cladodes; pedicels present or absent
    Flowers
    Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the ♂; base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes 6, linear-filiform or absent; carpels 3–6, subovoid and compressed, with cylindrical style and recurved-spathulate stigma Male flowers with 6 sepals, the 3 outer ones reduced, the 3 inner concave; petals 6, furnished at base with ± fleshy inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments, often bifid or deeply emarginate at apex; stamens 6–9, free; anther-thecae with transverse dehiscence
    Female
    Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the ♂; base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes 6, linear-filiform or absent; carpels 3–6, subovoid and compressed, with cylindrical style and recurved-spathulate stigma Female inflorescences similar to the ♂ or more simple or reduced to solitary or clustered flowers
    Fruits
    Drupes obovoid or flattened and rounded; the remains of the style visible near the base
    Seeds
    Seeds with sparse endosperm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Angola, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Delaware, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Gambia, Georgia, Guinea, Gulf States, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Indiana, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tubuai Is., Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Illinois, Peru, Réunion

    Cocculus DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2004 Collenette, I.S. [6880], Saudi Arabia 53236.000
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4954], India K000639418
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4954], India K000639400

    First published in Syst. Nat. 1: 515 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 44.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Syst. 1: 515 (1817) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Syst. 1: 515 (1817), nom. conserv.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0