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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Dicliptera Juss.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.


    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, sometimes suffruticose and pyrophytic; cystoliths linear, numerous.
    Stems 6-angular, often ridged.
    Leaves evergreen or deciduous, petiolate or subsessile, pairs equal or unequal; blade margins entire or uneven.
    Inflorescences axillary and/or terminal, comprising a series of monochasial cymules, usually umbellately arranged, more rarely solitary, umbels solitary to several in each axil, sometimes compounded and paniculate or contracted into dense terminal heads, rarely arranged in a spike; main axis bracts paired, pairs equal to somewhat unequal, free, often much-reduced, rarely foliaceous; cymule bracts paired, pairs subequal to highly unequal, free but ± adpressed, usually conspicuous, sometimes with pale 'windows' of sclerids between principal veins in basal portion (Fig. 8.6.69,3); bracteoles narrower than cymule bracts and often much-reduced.
    Calyx shortly tubular, 5-lobed, lobes subequal or one lobe longer, linear-lanceolate.
    Corolla bilabiate, tube usually white, limb variously white to pink or purple, lip held in upper position usually with darker guidelines on a paler palate; corolla resupinate, tube twisted through 180°, cylindrical, somewhat widened towards mouth, rarely strongly so; lip held in upper position ± recurved distally, apex shortly 3-lobed; lip held in lower position unlobed, apex obtuse or shallowly emarginate.
    Stamens 2; filaments arising from mouth of corolla tube, rarely from within tube; anthers exserted, bithecous, thecae elliptic, offset, superposed or slightly overlapping.
    Ovary (oblong-)ovoid, bilocular, 2 ovules per locule; style filiform; stigma bifid, exserted.
    Capsule short- to long-stipitate, placental base elastic, placental base and membranous capsule walls then tearing from thickened flanks at dehiscence, or inelastic.
    Seeds 4 per capsule, rarely 2 by abortion, held on retinacula, lenticular, discoid or compressed-ellipsoid, with a hilar excavation, smooth or tuberculate.
    A genus of c.175 species with a pantropical and subtropical distribution.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:


    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Dicliptera Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1986 Bilimek [329], Mexico K000080040
    Dawkins, H.C. [621], Uganda 4227.000
    King, E.L. [103b], Sierra Leone 2815.000
    Hornby, E.M. [2982A], Tanzania 4226.000
    Langlassé, E. [914], Mexico K000080035
    Martínez S., E. [3745], Mexico K000080042
    Daniel, T.F. [6234], Costa Rica K000080041


    First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9: 267 (1807)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.T.A. 5: 256.
    • in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 9: 267 (1807), nom. cons.

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • —Darbyshire in Kew Bull. 63: 361–383 (2009).
    • —Darbyshire & Vollesen in Kew Bull. 62: 119–128 (2007).
    • —K. Balkwill, Getliffe Norris & M.-J. Balkwill in Kew Bull. 51: 1–61 (1996).
    • in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 9: 267 (1807), conserved name.


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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