1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Gerbera L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Africa, Madagascar.


    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Scapose herbs with perennial rootstock becoming ± woody with age
    Leaves all in a basal rosette, prostrate or ± ascending, petiolate or with a petioloid base, pinnately veined, entire to pinnatifid
    Scapes 1–several from each rosette, sometimes precocious, erect, bracteate or ebracteate, simple, 1-headed
    Capitula solitary, terminal, erect, heterogamous, apparently radiate but with all florets bilabiate, the female with usually much reduced staminodes; involucre cylindrical to campanulate; phyllaries ± 3-seriate, imbricate, the outer shorter, the inner ± subequal and with ± membranous glabrous margins, glabrous inside
    Outer florets female; corolla of outermost florets with narrow tube, radiating 3-toothed lower lip and upper lip of 2 narrow, short, linear often curled lobes, other female florets with short non-radiating lower lip; style branches very short, ovoid to club-shaped Inner florets hermaphrodite, the corolla with broader tube and short broader lower lip; anthers strongly sagittate or tailed; style branches short, oblong, obtuse
    Achenes all similar, ± fusiform, apically narrowed or distinctly beaked, somewhat dorsiventrally compressed, 5–10-ribbed, brownish, usually pilose; pappus of numerous barbellate bristles, whitish, tawny or purplish.

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Style branches of hermaphrodite flowers shortly and broadly lanceolate, the tips rounded or subacute with short pollen-sweeping hairs outside.
    Achenes narrowly flask-shaped, ± attenuate above or prolonged into an apical beak, 4–10-ribbed, sparsely puberulous.
    Pappus several-seriate of minutely barbellate setae.
    Scapigerous perennial herbs from woody rootstocks; rootcrowns lanate, roots numerous spreading thong-like or fusiform.
    Leaves radical, entire serrulate to dentate or sinuate-pinnatifid, sometimes villose to closely tomentose on the lower surface, usually glabrescent Scapes 1-several, ebracteate in the Flora Zambesiaca area, often appearing before or with the young leaves, sometimes elongating after seed-set, erect, densely villose-tomentose towards the apex, glabrescent in the lower part.
    Capitula solitary, heterogamous, bilabiate-radiate; corollas all 2-lipped, the outer lip strap-shaped or shortly elliptic (2)3-denticulate, the inner lip of 2 small linear lobes.
    Involucres broadly obconic; phyllaries numerous, imbricate, increasing in size to the inside, narrowly lanceolate or linear-triangular.
    Receptacle flat, shallowly alveolate.
    Inner florets hermaphrodite or functionally male. Outer florets female the marginal ones radiate and the submarginal ones equally bilabiate, staminodes usually present (often absent in Gerbera piloselloides).
    Corollas white yellow pink or red.
    Anthers with narrowly ovate apical appendages, and sagittate bases with tails entire or ciliate.



    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Peru, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Benin, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Fiji, Jamaica, Jawa, Korea, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Panamá, Réunion, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Vietnam

    Gerbera L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Opera Var.: 247 (1758)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Taxon 9: 160 (1960).Nom. cons.
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 488 (1954)
    • F.T.A. 3: 445
    • in Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1817: 34
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • H.V. Hansen in Opera Bot. 78: 5–36 (1985).
    • Hilliard, Compos. Natal: 586 (1977).
    • Wild in Kirkia 8: 202 (1972).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull. 21: 211 (1967).
    • Opera Var.: 247 (1758) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 100 (1994), nom. conserv.
    • H.V. Hansen in Nordic J. Bot. 8: 61 (1988)
    • H.V. Hansen in Nordic J. Bot. 5: 451-453 (1985)
    • H.V. Hansen in Opera Bot. 78: 1–36 (1985)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 21: 211 (1967)
    • Opera Varia: 247 (1758)


    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0