1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Gerbera L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Scapose herbs with perennial rootstock becoming ± woody with age
    Leaves
    Leaves all in a basal rosette, prostrate or ± ascending, petiolate or with a petioloid base, pinnately veined, entire to pinnatifid
    Scape
    Scapes 1–several from each rosette, sometimes precocious, erect, bracteate or ebracteate, simple, 1-headed
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary, terminal, erect, heterogamous, apparently radiate but with all florets bilabiate, the female with usually much reduced staminodes; involucre cylindrical to campanulate; phyllaries ± 3-seriate, imbricate, the outer shorter, the inner ± subequal and with ± membranous glabrous margins, glabrous inside
    Florets
    Outer florets female; corolla of outermost florets with narrow tube, radiating 3-toothed lower lip and upper lip of 2 narrow, short, linear often curled lobes, other female florets with short non-radiating lower lip; style branches very short, ovoid to club-shaped Inner florets hermaphrodite, the corolla with broader tube and short broader lower lip; anthers strongly sagittate or tailed; style branches short, oblong, obtuse
    Fruits
    Achenes all similar, ± fusiform, apically narrowed or distinctly beaked, somewhat dorsiventrally compressed, 5–10-ribbed, brownish, usually pilose; pappus of numerous barbellate bristles, whitish, tawny or purplish.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Style
    Style branches of hermaphrodite flowers shortly and broadly lanceolate, the tips rounded or subacute with short pollen-sweeping hairs outside.
    Fruits
    Achenes narrowly flask-shaped, ± attenuate above or prolonged into an apical beak, 4–10-ribbed, sparsely puberulous.
    Seeds
    Pappus several-seriate of minutely barbellate setae.
    Habit
    Scapigerous perennial herbs from woody rootstocks; rootcrowns lanate, roots numerous spreading thong-like or fusiform.
    Leaves
    Leaves radical, entire serrulate to dentate or sinuate-pinnatifid, sometimes villose to closely tomentose on the lower surface, usually glabrescent Scapes 1-several, ebracteate in the Flora Zambesiaca area, often appearing before or with the young leaves, sometimes elongating after seed-set, erect, densely villose-tomentose towards the apex, glabrescent in the lower part.
    Capitulum
    Capitula solitary, heterogamous, bilabiate-radiate; corollas all 2-lipped, the outer lip strap-shaped or shortly elliptic (2)3-denticulate, the inner lip of 2 small linear lobes.
    Involucre
    Involucres broadly obconic; phyllaries numerous, imbricate, increasing in size to the inside, narrowly lanceolate or linear-triangular.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle flat, shallowly alveolate.
    Florets
    Inner florets hermaphrodite or functionally male. Outer florets female the marginal ones radiate and the submarginal ones equally bilabiate, staminodes usually present (often absent in Gerbera piloselloides).
    Corolla
    Corollas white yellow pink or red.
    Anthers
    Anthers with narrowly ovate apical appendages, and sagittate bases with tails entire or ciliate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Peru, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Benin, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Fiji, Jamaica, Jawa, Korea, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Panamá, Réunion, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Vietnam

    Gerbera L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Opera Var.: 247 (1758)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Taxon 9: 160 (1960).Nom. cons.
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 488 (1954)
    • F.T.A. 3: 445
    • in Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1817: 34
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • H.V. Hansen in Opera Bot. 78: 5–36 (1985).
    • Hilliard, Compos. Natal: 586 (1977).
    • Wild in Kirkia 8: 202 (1972).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull. 21: 211 (1967).
    • Opera Var.: 247 (1758) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 100 (1994), nom. conserv.
    • H.V. Hansen in Nordic J. Bot. 8: 61 (1988)
    • H.V. Hansen in Nordic J. Bot. 5: 451-453 (1985)
    • H.V. Hansen in Opera Bot. 78: 1–36 (1985)
    • C. Jeffrey in K.B. 21: 211 (1967)
    • Opera Varia: 247 (1758)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0