1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Glechoma L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Stoloniferous perennial herbs, not aromatic, often gynodioecious
    Leaves
    Leaves simple
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of distant, few-flowered cymes, shortly pedunculate to sessile, in axils of bracts
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles subulate, inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular to campanulate, slightly curved near throat, indistinctly 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lobes equal, broadly triangular to linear
    Corolla
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped (2/3), blue-violet, lilac or pink, posterior lip straight, 2-lobed, anterior lip with median lobe flat or concave, flabellate or reniform, margin undulate or entire, tube longer than calyx, gradually or abruptly dilated toward th
    Stamens
    Stamens of hermaphrodite flowers exserted from tube, included under lip of corolla, inserted near throat, filaments parallel, thecae divergent at 90°
    Fruits
    Nutlets oblong-ovoid, smooth, areole basal, orbicular or elliptic.
    Note
    2n = 18, 24, 36.  Four to eight species.
    Ecology
    Mostly in grasslands, forest margins and streamsides
    Distribution
    Native from temperate Eurasia; cultivated in Northern and Southern America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Morocco

    Native to:

    Albania, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Manchuria, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Vietnam, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Azores, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Glechoma L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 578 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Budantsev, Bot. Zhurn. 77, 12: 118-128 (1992), rev.
    • Meehaniopsis Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 236 (1929).
    • Chamaecissos Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 516 (1916).
    • Glechonion St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 126 (1880).
    • Chamaeclema Moench, Methodus: 393 (1794).
    • Glechoma L., Sp. Pl. 2: 578 (1753)

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0