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This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Western Australia and Asia-Temperate..

[FZ]

Violaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Habit
Herbs, shrublets or shrubs.
Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate or sessile, entire or ± serrate; stipules usually small and persistent, rarely foliaceous or deciduous.
Inflorescences
Inflorescence of single flowers in the leaf axils or, more rarely, terminal racemes or axillary racemes or clusters; pedicels articulated.
Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic.
Calyx
Sepals almost equal, without a basal appendage.
Corolla
Petals unequal, the anterior one smaller, or usually much larger, than the others, unguiculate, with a short basal spur.
Stamens
Stamens with filaments of varying length, free or ± coherent, the two anterior ones (and rarely also the lateral ones) with free or coherent appendages which extend into the spur and may secrete nectar ("spur-appendages"); anthers free or coherent, with a thin dorsal prolongation of the connective ("connective-appendage").
Pistil
Ovary with 3 placentae each bearing (2) 3–? ovules; style bent downwards and ± thickened towards the apex, entire; stigma terminal.
Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule with 3 elastic valves, keeled and thickened along the suture.
Seeds
Seeds spheroidal-ovoid, smooth or ribbed or pitted, with abundant endosperm and a small aril.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Habit
Herbs, subshrubs or small shrubs
Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite or clustered; stipules usually small
Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic, solitary or clustered; pedicels articulate, with a pair of bracteoles
Perianth
Sepals subequal. Petals unequal, the lowermost one usually much larger than the others and clawed, with a short basal spur
Stamens
Stamens unequal, free or somewhat united, the 2 lower each with a nectar-secreting appendage extending into the spur; connective-appendages thin
Fruits
Fruit a 3-valved capsule
Seeds
Seeds striate or pitted, usually with a small aril.
Distribution
Some 45-50 species throughout the tropics.

[FTEA]

Violaceae, C. Grey-wilson. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1986

Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or occasionally shrubs with simple or much-branched stems
Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged, occasionally opposite or fasciculate, petiolate or sessile, the lamina simple, entire or toothed; stipules small and persistent, rarely foliaceous
Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic, solitary in the leaf-axils, rarely terminal or in clusters; pedicels articulate in the middle or the upper half, with an opposite or subopposite pair of bracteoles
Calyx
Sepals subequal, without a basal appendage
Corolla
Petals unequal, the lowermost one (anterior) usually much larger than the others and clawed, with a short basal spur
Stamens
Stamens unequal, free or somewhat coherent, the lower pair each with a short nectar-secreting appendage which extends into the spur; anthers with a thin dorsal connective-appendage
Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule with 3 contractile valves
Seeds
Seeds pitted or striate, usually with a small aril.

Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cape Provinces, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Maryland, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Namibia, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Somalia, South Carolina, Swaziland, Tennessee, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Yemen

Extinct in:

Connecticut

Hybanthus Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Harley, R.M. [25455], Brazil K001215454
Harley, R.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001215455
Harley, R.M. [55724], Brazil K001215458
Stannard, B. [s.n.], Brazil K001215450
Stannard, B. [4641], Brazil K001215451
Milliken, W. [361], Brazil K001215445
Giulietti, A.M. [1686], Brazil K001215441
Giulietti, A.M. [5461], Brazil K001215452
Sano, P.T. [14447], Brazil K001215453
Sano, P.T. [CFCR/14490], Brazil K001215456
Guedes, M.L. [5509], Brazil K001215449
Heringer, E.P. [3325], Brazil K001215457
Eiten, G. [5952], Brazil K001215459
Glocker [31], Brazil K001215448
Dusén, P. [9908], Brazil K001215443
Dusén, P. [7560], Brazil K001215446
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001215447
Lima, J. [813], Brazil K001215444
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132288
Glaziou [9617], Brazil K001215442

First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 2 (1760)

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 105, as Ionidium Vent.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Enum. Syst. Pl. Ins. Carib.: 2, 17 (1760).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Enum. Syst. Pl. Ins. Carib.: 2, 17 (1760)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0