1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Manilkara Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical.

    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Trees or rarely shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina frequently obovate or elliptic, coriaceous; lower surface with very closely appressed indumentum, giving a silvery light-reflecting effect or subglabrous; midrib prominently raised beneath, primary and secondary lateral nerves closely parallel, venation reticulate Leaves terminal; stipules absent or sometimes present and then soon falling away
    Flowers
    Flowers usually many, clustered in axils of current or recently fallen leaves, long-pedicellate
    Calyx
    Sepals 6, arranged in two dissimilar whorls of 3, free or slightly fused
    Corolla
    Corolla of 6 members, fused at base into a short tube, lobes usually divided again into 3 segments
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, epipetalous; anther-dehiscence extrorse
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 6, alternating with stamens, ± ovate and petaloid to ± ligulate, glabrous, dentate, laciniate or sometimes bifurcate
    Ovary
    Ovary with 6–16 locules; ovules solitary, axile, anatropous to campylotropous
    Fruits
    Fruit baccate, fleshy or dryish and coriaceous, 1-several-seeded
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid to obovoid, laterally compressed; scar basiventral (at least in East Africa), narrowly elliptic to subcircular (not in East Africa); albumen present; cotyledons flattened and foliaceous.
    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees and shrubs, with leaves often borne in terminal clusters.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent or soon caducous.
    Leaves
    Leaves often with oppressed silvery indumentum on lower surface.
    Flowers
    Flowers often numerous, borne in axils of current and recently-fallen leaves, long-pedicellate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 6, in two dissimilar whorls of 3, the inner ones thinner in texture and paler than the outer.
    Corolla
    Corolla of 6 members joined at the base into a short tube, each member comprising a median and two lateral segments.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, epipetalous; anthers extrorse.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes 6, alternating with stamens, glabrous, petaloid to ligulate, dentate or laciniate, erect, not forming a sheath round the gynoecium.
    Ovary
    Ovary with 6–16 locules, densely pilose, with long slender glabrous-style.
    Fruits
    Fruit a fleshy or leathery berry, 1-several-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid to obovoid, with narrow linear or large and broad lateral scar; endosperm abundant.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Cayman Is., Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Tonga, Venezuelan Antilles

    Manilkara Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Identified Reference Herbarium Specimen Type Status
    Jul 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4457], Cameroon K000749691
    Myers, J.G. [11745], Sudan 2518.000
    Harris, D.J. [2419], Central African Republic 63036.000
    Harris, D.J. [1481], Central African Republic 63369.000
    Letouzey, R. [13677], Cameroon K000027931

    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 166 (1763)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. in Notulae Syst. 16: 223 (1961). Nom. cons.
    • Dubard in Ann. Mus. col. Marseille, sér. 3, 3: 6 (1915)
    • Fam. pl. 2: 166 (1763)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Aubrév. in Adansonia 11: 251 (1971).
    • H.J. Lam in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. sér. 3, 7: 234 (1925).
    • Fam.PL .2:166(1763).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • H. J. Lam et al. in Blumea 4: 323 (1941), nom. conserv.
    • Dubard in Ann. Mus. Col. Marseille, sér. 3, 3: 6 (1915)
    • Fam. 2: 166 (1763)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    [A] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [C] © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0