1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Matthiola W.T.Aiton

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual herbs to subshrubs, ± branched, with often dense greyish or whitish tomentum of branched and sometimes also glandular hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves undivided to pinnatifid
    Inflorescences
    Racemes ebracteate, with rather few showy flowers, elongate in fruit
    Calyx
    Sepals erect, the inner saccate
    Corolla
    Petals purplish, violet or sordid white, distinctly clawed
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, distinctly tetradynamous; filaments free, the median dilated, the lateral linear; anthers acuminate
    Nectaries
    Nectaries as prominent horseshoe-shaped glands outside each lateral stamen-base, often continuing outside the base of the median stamens (sometimes forming a ring)
    Pistil
    Ovary linear; stigma practically sessile, conoidal with decurrent narrow lobes, bifid; ovules numerous
    Fruits
    Fruit a siliqua, linear, terete or dorso-ventrally compressed, sometimes torulose, without transverse septa; style often 2-horned
    Seeds
    Seeds uniseriate, suborbicular, compressed, often winged.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Ireland

    Introduced into:

    Alberta, Arizona, Azores, Bermuda, Bolivia, California, Caroline Is., Chile North, Colombia, Ecuador, Illinois, Juan Fernández Is., Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Norfolk Is., Ontario, Peru, Romania, Saskatchewan, Texas

    Matthiola W.T.Aiton appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hortus Kew. 4: 119 (1812)

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Conti in Mém. Herb. Boiss. 18: 1–88 (1900), nom. conserv.
    • in Ait., Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 4: 119 (1812)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0