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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to S. Central Siberia and Himalaya, Macaronesia to Arabian Peninsula, NE. Tropical & S. Africa.
Matthiola sinuata

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs to subshrubs, ± branched, with often dense greyish or whitish tomentum of branched and sometimes also glandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves undivided to pinnatifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes ebracteate, with rather few showy flowers, elongate in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect, the inner saccate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals purplish, violet or sordid white, distinctly clawed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, distinctly tetradynamous; filaments free, the median dilated, the lateral linear; anthers acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectaries as prominent horseshoe-shaped glands outside each lateral stamen-base, often continuing outside the base of the median stamens (sometimes forming a ring)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary linear; stigma practically sessile, conoidal with decurrent narrow lobes, bifid; ovules numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a siliqua, linear, terete or dorso-ventrally compressed, sometimes torulose, without transverse septa; style often 2-horned
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds uniseriate, suborbicular, compressed, often winged.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs to subshrubs with branched and glandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves undivided to pinnatisect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes ebracteate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect, inner saccate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers large with pink to purple petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a siliqua without tranverse septa; valves rather thin; style often two-horned
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds uniseriate, compressed.
Distribution
Some 50–60 species, mostly in the East Mediterranean and Iranian areas.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Ireland

Introduced into:

Alberta, Argentina South, Arizona, Azores, Bermuda, Bolivia, California, Caroline Is., Chile North, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Ecuador, Illinois, Juan Fernández Is., Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Norfolk Is., Ontario, Peru, Romania, Saskatchewan, South Australia, Texas, Victoria, Western Australia

Matthiola W.T.Aiton appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Hortus Kew. 4: 119 (1812)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by B. Jonsell [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Conti in Mém. Herb. Boiss. 18: 1–88 (1900), nom. conserv.
  • in Ait., Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 4: 119 (1812)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0