1. Family: Aizoaceae Martinov
    1. Mesembryanthemum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Mesembryanthemaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Prostrate succulent short-lived perennial herbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate, flat, cordate to ovate, entire, papillose.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in axils of branches, pedicellate, ebracteate.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments 4, free, 2 leafy and larger than others.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes united at the base into a short tube, shorter than perianth.
    Stamens
    Stamens many, arising from the tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary inferior, 4-locular; placentation axile; styles absent; stigmas 4.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 4-locular capsule; valves broader than long, with the apical part thickened abruptly so that the basal termination of the thickening appears vertical; valves with contiguous keels of expansion, without marginal wings or flaps; loculi open when mature; seeds compressed, circular in outline, tuberculate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Corse, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, St.Helena, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Ascension, Azores, Bolivia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Congo, Ecuador, El Salvador, Great Britain, Juan Fernández Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Mozambique, New Jersey, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Uzbekistan, Venezuela

    Mesembryanthemum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    41153.000
    Muir, J. [3892], South Africa 10633.000
    Muir, J. [3990], South Africa Sceletium 10642.000
    Muir, J. [3990], South Africa Sceletium 12285.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 480 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Klak, C., Hanácek, P. & Bruyns, P.V. (2014). Phylogeny and taxonomy of Mesembryanthemum subg. Volkeranthus (Aizoaceae-Mesembryanthemoideae) South African Journal of Botany 95: 112-122.
    • Klak, C., Bruyns, P.V. & Hedderson, T.A.J. (2007). A phylogeny and new classification for Mesembryanthemoideae (Aizoaceae) Taxon 56: 737-756.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0