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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Iran, Sahara to Arabian Peninsula, Angola to S. Africa.

[FZ]

Mesembryanthemaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate succulent short-lived perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate, flat, cordate to ovate, entire, papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in axils of branches, pedicellate, ebracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 4, free, 2 leafy and larger than others.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes united at the base into a short tube, shorter than perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens many, arising from the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary inferior, 4-locular; placentation axile; styles absent; stigmas 4.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 4-locular capsule; valves broader than long, with the apical part thickened abruptly so that the basal termination of the thickening appears vertical; valves with contiguous keels of expansion, without marginal wings or flaps; loculi open when mature; seeds compressed, circular in outline, tuberculate.

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Corse, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, St.Helena, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Ascension, Azores, Bolivia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Congo, Ecuador, El Salvador, Great Britain, Juan Fernández Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Mozambique, New Jersey, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Uzbekistan, Venezuela

Mesembryanthemum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Muir, J. [3892], South Africa 10633.000
41153.000
Muir, J. [3990], South Africa Sceletium 10642.000
Muir, J. [3990], South Africa Sceletium 12285.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 480 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Klak, C., Bruyns, P.V. & Hedderson, T.A.J. (2007). A phylogeny and new classification for Mesembryanthemoideae (Aizoaceae) Taxon 56: 737-756.
  • Klak, C., Hanácek, P. & Bruyns, P.V. (2014). Phylogeny and taxonomy of Mesembryanthemum subg. Volkeranthus (Aizoaceae-Mesembryanthemoideae) South African Journal of Botany 95: 112-122.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0