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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Peru to S. South America.
Nicandra physalodes

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual ± glabrous herbs Annual ± glabrous herbs.
Morphology Branches
Branches ± angular and sulcate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicel slender, drooping, often pendulous in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid, 3–5-locular with false dissepiments; ovules hemicampylotropous, numerous in each locule, on a much enlarged and unevenly lobulate placenta arising from near the central angle of two dissepiments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short or ± elongate, thickened, terete, glabrous or with a few short hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma ± capitate, with 3–5 prominent areas, included or occasionally subexserted
Note
A monotypic genus.
Morphology Stem
Stems hollow; branches ± angular and sulcate. Stems hollow.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, the upper ones sometimes in pairs with one leaf larger than the other, appearing opposite, petiolate, coarsely dentate-lobed to entire. Leaves alternate, the upper ones sometimes in pairs with one leaf larger than the other, appearing opposite, petiolate, coarsely dentate-lobed to entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary or extra-axillary, actinomorphic; pedicel slender, drooping, often pendulous in fruit. Flowers solitary, axillary or extra-axillary, actinomorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx longer than the corolla tube, 5-parted, reduplicate-valvate, segments acute, cordate-sagittate at the base; fruiting calyx much enlarged, chartaceous. Calyx longer than the corolla tube, 5-parted, reduplicate-valvate, segments acute, cordate-sagittate at the base. Fruiting calyx much enlarged, chartaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla inserted at the base of the ovary and separated from the calyx by an unusually long internode, tinged blue to purple, ± broadly campanulate to rotate, occasionally infundibuliform; tube very short, hairy inside near the insertion of the stamens; limb subentire to shallowly 5-lobed, the lobes with quincuncial or somewhat conduplicate-contorted aestivation. Corolla inserted at the base of the ovary and separated from the calyx by an unusually long internode, tinged blue to purple, ± broadly campanulate to rotate, occasionally infundibuliform; tube very short, hairy inside near the insertion of the stamens; limb subentire to shallowly 5-lobed, the lobes with quincuncial or somewhat conduplicate-contorted aestivation
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ± equal, usually inserted near the base of the corolla tube, included or occasionally subexserted; filaments widened and densely hairy at the base, geniculate where adhering to the corolla, overarching the ovary; anthers connivent, ovate, oblong-sagittate or oblong in outline, glabrous or with a few short hairs, basifixed, the thecae basally separated for more or less a quarter of their length, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Stamens ± equal, usually inserted near the base of the corolla tube, included or occasionally subexserted; filaments widened and densely hairy at the base, geniculate where adhering to the corolla, overarching the ovary; anthers connivent, ovate, oblong-sagittate or oblong in outline, glabrous or with a few short hairs, basifixed, the thecae basally separated for more or less a quarter of their length, dehiscing by longitudinal slits
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk none. Disk none
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid, 3–5-locular with false dissepiments; ovules hemicampylotropous, numerous in each locule, on a much enlarged and unevenly lobulate placenta arising from near the central angle of two dissepiments; style short or ± elongate, thickened, terete, glabrous or with a few short hairs; stigma ± capitate, with 3–5 prominent areas, included or occasionally subexserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a many-seeded globose berry, shortly stipitate on the base of the calyx and enveloped by the thin-walled semi-translucent stiff accrescent calyx, 3–4-locular, with 5 concretions of seed-sized stone cells in the apical region of the mesocarp, irregularly dehiscent. Fruit a many-seeded globose berry, shortly stipitate on the base of the calyx and enveloped by the thin-walled semi-translucent stiff accrescent calyx, 3–4-locular, with 5 concretions of seed-sized stone cells in the apical region of the mesocarp, irregularly dehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, compressed, reniform-orbicular in outline; testa somewhat leathery, reticulate-pitted; embryo strongly curved, flattened; endosperm fleshy. Seeds numerous, compressed, reniform-orbicular in outline; testa somewhat leathery, reticulate-pitted; embryo strongly curved, flattened; endosperm fleshy

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves membranaceous, alternate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually solitary and showy, axillary to sub-axillary, erect eventually nodding, usually fragrant; pedicels erect becoming nodding below flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with 5 lobes, joined marginally usually towards their bases. Corolla with basal narrow part enclosed by calyx lobes and five quincuncial very shallow bilobed lobes above, upper half of joined corolla recurving. Stamens included; filaments fused to lower part of corolla tube where enlarged, geniculate and villous, slender and glabrous to sparsely pilose above where free; anthers bilobed, often sparsely pilose, basifixed by filaments inserted between thecae, convergent around stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, 3–5(–6)-locular (irregularly divided by 3–6 septa), ovules numerous; disc annular, smooth, often crenulate; style glabrous to sparsely pilose; stigma capitate, lobed. Fruit a berry, mature pericarp thin and translucent, enclosed by enlarged accrescent chartaceous cordate calyx lobes with prominent reticulate venation. Seeds numerous, discoid to orbicular, foveolate.
Note
A monotypic genus usually regarded as being native to Peru and possibly northern Argentina. It has been widely cultivated as an ornamental and is now rarely found in the wild but occurs as a ruderal and has become naturalised in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, with sparse indumentum of simple and glandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary, axillary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply lobed, much enlarged in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla campanulate, shallowly lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included, inserted near base of corolla-tube; anthers dehiscing longitudinally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3–5-celled, with numerous ovules; style slender, stigma capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose thin-walled berry surrounded by the enlarged calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flattened, pitted.
Distribution
Three species.

Native to:

Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Chile Central, Chile North, Peru

Introduced into:

Alabama, Amur, Angola, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Galápagos, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Iran, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Swaziland, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Nicandra Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 219 (1763)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 219 (1763) nom. conserv.
  • Hunziker, Gen. Solanacearum: 140 (2001).
  • Nicandra Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 219 (1763) nom. conserv.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 433 (1852);
  • Fam. Pl., 2: 219 (1763), nom. conserv.;
  • Gen. Solanaceae: 140–143 (2001)
  • Horton, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 1(6): 351–356 (1979);

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/