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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Salacia

[FZ]

Celastraceae, N. K. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4)5(6), imbricate, free or ± united, the inner ones sometimes ± petaloid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4)5(6), green, white, yellow, orange, brownish or red, imbricate in bud.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk extrastaminal, single, varying in shape, free or variously united with other floral parts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (2)3(4), with filaments often ± broadened below, free or united with the ovary or gynophore, becoming reflexed; anthers versatile, extrorse or apical, with thecae vertical to oblique or transverse, free or ± confluent; pollen simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, (2)3-locular, with 2–8 axile ovules in 1–2 rows per loculus, sessile or on a gynophore, usually immersed in the disk; style simple; stigma 3-lobed or entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous, globose or ± elongated, with coriaceous exocarp and mucilaginous pulp (mesocarp), (2)3-locular, soon becoming 1-locular by evanescence of dissepiments, 1-c. 20-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Germination hypogeal (2 species). Seeds (pyrenes) ± irregular.
Cytology
Chromosome number: 2n = 28 (8 species).
Morphology General Habit
Lianes or shrubs or small trees, often with the upper branches scandent, rarely rhizomatous shrublets, with or without latex.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite to alternate, petiolate; stipules small, free, deciduous, or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence pedunculate or sessile, cymose, dichasial or monochasial or fasciculate, simple, without accessory branches, axillary or extra-axillary; bracts persistent.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5(–6)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4–)5(–6), green or white to yellow or red or brownish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (2–)3(–4), with filaments ± widened below, free or united with the ovary or gynophore
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk extrastaminal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile or on gynophore, usually embedded in the disk, (2–)3-celled, with 2–8 ovules in each cell
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style simple; stigma 3-lobed or entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, ± fleshy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–20, without arils or wings.
Distribution
About 200 species, pantropical.
Morphology General Habit
Trees, ± scandent shrubs, woody climbers or shrublets, unarmed, with (in Somalia) or without latex, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite to subopposite or sometimes alternate; stipules free and deciduous or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers bisexual or functionally unisexual, in pedunculate or sessile, dichasial to monochasial cymes or clusters

[FTEA]

Celastraceae, N.K.B. Robson, N. Hallé, B. Mathew and R. Blakelock†. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1994

Morphology General Habit
Lianes, shrubs or small trees
Morphology General Exudate
Latex absent or present
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules small, deciduous, free
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, subopposite or sometimes alternate, petiolate; blade entire or toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 1–many-flowered, sessile or pedunculate, axillary or caulinary, sometimes cymose, dichasial or umbelliform, simple without accessory branches; bracts persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers moderately sized to large, ± (2–)4–20 mm. in diameter, pedicellate; buds globose or ovoid to subconical, sepals (4–)5(–6), imbricate, free or somewhat united
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4–)5(–6), imbricate in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc always developed, extrastaminal, variously shaped, entire or lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (2–)3; filaments often becoming reflexed or revolute; anthers uni- or bithecate with extrorse or nearly apical dehiscence (the line of dehiscence is sometimes apical at the bud stage); pollen simple, tricolporate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary superior, sessile, often immersed in the disc, usually with a small androgynophore united with the disc; locules (2–)3, each with 2–9 axile ovules in 1–2 rows; stigma entire or 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a globose or elongated berry with 1–many seeds; exocarp supple or tough; mesocarp soft, fleshy; endocarp mucilaginous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed-integument thin; cotyledons free or fused.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Salacia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1989 Nemba, J. [276], Cameroon K000093284
Jacobs, M. [5515] 31297.000
Faulkner [1996], Tanzania 33305.000
Zarucchi, J.L. [1451], Colombia 48891.000
Pennington, T.D. [13311], Bolivia 57426.000
Cazalel, P. [7698], Ecuador 6476.000
Troupin, G. [3365], Congo, DRC 9799.000
Acworth, J.M. [340], Cameroon K000437040
Baker, W.J. [448], Cameroon K000460204
Etuge, M. [410], Cameroon K000093279
Arbo, M.M. [7681], Brazil K001138876
Pouakouyou, D. [105], Cameroon K000460029
Arbo, M.M. [7681], Brazil K001138877
Vicentini, A. [449], Brazil Tontelea K001138949

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 159 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 1: 372
  • Loes. in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 44: 156 (1910)
  • Mant. 2: 159, 293 (1771)
  • in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 20B: 217 (1942).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 159, 293 (1771).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by Sebsebe Demissew [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 247 (1982)
  • Fl. Rwanda 2: 336 (1983)
  • Mant. Pl. Alt: 159, 293 (1771)
  • N. Hallé in Fl. Cameroun 32: 18 (1990)
  • N. Robson in F.Z. 2, 2: 355 (1966)
  • N. Robson in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 344 (1990)
  • R. Wilczek in F.C.B. 9: 181 (1960)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/