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  1. Family: Salicaceae Mirb.
    1. Scolopia Schreb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Queensland and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees, often with spines on the trunk and/or branches
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, persistent, subcoriaceous or coriaceous, entire or shallowly to rather deeply glandular-serrate-crenate, reddish or purplish when young, penninerved; stipules minute, caducous
    Flowers
    Flowers small, bisexual, rarely also ♂ on the same specimen, in axillary, mostly simple, sometimes compound racemes, these rarely reduced to few-flowered fascicles or even to a solitary flower
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–6, narrowly imbricate or subvalvate, ± connate at the base
    Corolla
    Petals as many as sepals and similar with these
    Receptacle
    Receptacle flat, sometimes set with hairs around the base of the ovary and the base of the filaments
    Disc
    Extrastaminal disk, if present, composed of one row of free, short, thick orange glands
    Stamens
    Stamens indefinite in number, pluriseriate, exceeding the petals at full anthesis; anthers dorsifixed, the connective often produced beyond the thecae into an apicular appendage
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, with 2–4(–5) few-ovuled placentas; style rather long, whether or not 3–4-partite distally; stigmas entire or slightly 2–3(–5)-lobed
    Fruits
    Berry subglobose or ovoid, (1–)2–3(–6)-seeded, somewhat fleshy, with the withered sepals, petals and stamens at the base, crowned by the ± persistent style
    Seeds
    Seeds with a hard testa, without an aril.
    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees; branches often spiny.
    Leaves
    Leaves glabrous, usually leathery, entire or toothed.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual in axillary racemes or solitary in the axils.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle usually funnel-shaped.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 5, imbricate.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 5, similar to the sepals but slightly smaller.
    Disc
    Disk fleshy, filling and sometimes elevated above the receptacle, usually with numerous glandular lobules at its margin and sometimes between the stamens.
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous, borne on the surface of the disk; filaments very slender; anthers 2-thecous, the connective produced as a short horn or apiculus.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile, 1-locular with 2–6 parietal placentas; ovules few or numerous; style simple, stigmas 3–6, short.
    Fruits
    Fruit a more or less fleshy berry with several seeds.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Ethiopia, Free State, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Scolopia Schreb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Gen. Pl., ed. 8[a], 1: 335 (1789)

    Accepted by

    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • in L., Gen. Pl. ed. 8, 1: 335 (1789) nom. conserv.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Sleumer in Blumea 20 : 26 (1972), nom. conserv.
    • Gilg in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 418 (1925)
    • Gen.: 335 (1789)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0